The following descriptions are available for this manuscript

  • Benedictus de Nursia: [Regula] Regula Benedicti : de codice 914 in Bibliotheca Monasterii S. Galli servato (fol. 1r-86v[85v] = pp.1-172; saec. IX ) ; quam simillime expressa / addita descriptione et paginis et versibus congruente (Germain Morin et Ambrogio Amelli) necnon praefatione palaeographica Bernhard Bischoff auctore. Ed. a Benedikt Probst. - S[ank]t Ottilien: EOS-Verlag 1983, S. XII-XIV.
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  • Bergmann Rolf / Stricker Stephanie, Katalog der althochdeutschen und altsächsischen Glossenhandschriften, Bd. I, Berlin 2005, S. 595.
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  • Scherrer Gustav, Verzeichniss der Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek von St. Gallen, Halle 1875, S. 333-335.
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  • UCLA Reichenau-St. Gall Virtual Library
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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 914
Manuscript title: Chapter Book
Place of origin: St Gall
Date of origin: s. IX 1/3 (Bischoff); s. IX 1/4-2/4 (Mordek)
Support: Parchment
Extent: 285 pages
Format: 235-239 x 167-170 mm.
Collation: There are pages with foliation errors. The Regula S. Benedicti consists of a folded binio. Part IV was written last.
Page layout: Rule of St. Benedict (1-172): Long lines. Written area is approximately 167 x ca. 110 mm, 18 lines per page.
Writing and hands: Alemannic and Carolingian minuscule; Parts I, II, and V are written in a severe Alemannic minuscule. Parts I and V are likely written for the most part with the same hand. Even Part III, written in Carolingian minuscule, exhibits influence of Alemannic minuscule, particularly in the letter g. Part III was probably written concurrently but has incorrectly been dated by Gilissen to the tenth century. The manuscript was written in the first third of the ninth century. The text of the Rule is in a clear, severe script, on the whole very uniformly written, even if the same size is not evenly maintained; getting smaller on fol. 4r (p. 7) lines 13-18, and, hardly by the same hand, fol. 74r (p. 149) Lines 12-18 are distinct from their surroundings. The small glosses in the margin are generally written by the same hand except perhaps the italicized text on 3r (p. 5). (Bischoff)
Contents:
  • 1. p. 1-172 Regula Benedicti >In nomine domini nostri ihesu christi incipit prologus reguli patri eximii beati benedicti< Obsculta: o fili praecepta magistri & inclina aurem cordis tui & admonitionem pii …–… demum ad maiora que supra commemora : bimus doctri
    • 1_1. (p. 1-8) >In nomine dni nostri ihu xpi incipit prologus regule<
    • 1_2. (p. 9) >Incipiunt capitula regulae monasteriorum<
    • 1_3. (p. 13) >Incipit textus regule regula apellatur ab hoc quod oboedientum dirigat mores de generibus monachorum<
    • 1_4. (p. 15) >II Qualis debeat abbas esse<
    • 1_5. (p. 25) >IIII Quae sunt instrumenta bonorum operum<
    • 1_6. (p. 30) >V De oboedientia<
    • 1_7. (p. 33) >De taciturnitate<
    • 1_8. (p. 35) >VII De humilitate<
    • 1_9. (p. 49) >VIII De officis divinis in noctibus<
    • 1_10. (p. 50) >VIIII Quanti psalmi dicendi noctnis horis<
    • 1_11. (p. 52) >X Qualiter aestatis tempore agatur nocturna laus<
    • 1_12. (p. 53) >XI Qualiter dominicis diebus dominicis vigiliae agantur<
    • 1_13. (p. 56) >XII Quomodo matutinorum sollemnitas agatur<
    • 1_14. (p. 57) >XIII Privatis diebus qualiter agantur matutini<
    • 1_15. (p. 59) >XIIII In nataliciis sanctorum qualiter agantur vigiliae<
    • 1_16. (p. 60) >XV Alleluia quibus temporibus dicatur<
    • 1_17. (p. 61) >XVI Qualiter divina opera per diem agantur<
    • 1_18. (p. 62) >XVII Quot psalmi per easdem horas dicendi sunt<
    • 1_19. (p. 64) >XVIII Quo ordine ipsi psalmi dicendi sunt<
    • 1_20. (p. 70) >XVIIII De disciplina psalendi<
    • 1_21. (p. 71) >XX De reverentia orationis<
    • 1_22. (p. 72) >XXI De decanis monasterii<
    • 1_23. (p. 73) >XXII Quomodo dormiant monachi<
    • 1_24. (p. 75) >XXIII De excommunicatione culparum<
    • 1_25. (p. 76) >XXIIII Qualis debet esse modus excommunicationis<
    • 1_26. (p. 77) >XXV De grivioribus culpis<
    • 1_27. (p. 78) >XXVI De his qui sine iussione iungunt se excommunicatis<
    • 1_28. (p. 78) >XXVII Qualiter debeat abbas sollicitus esse circa excommunicatos<
    • 1_29. (p. 81) >XXVIII De his qui sepius correpti emendare noluerint<
    • 1_30. (p. 82) >XXVIIII Se debeant fratres exeuntes de monasterio iterum recipi<
    • 1_31. (p. 83) >XXX De puris minori etate qualiter corripiantur<
    • 1_32. (p. 84) >XXXI De cellarario dionasterii qualis sit<
    • 1_33. (p. 87) >XXXII De ferramentis vel rebus monasterii<
    • 1_34. (p. 88) >XXXIII Si quid debeant monachi proprium habere<
    • 1_35. (p. 91) >XXXIIII Si omnes equaliter debeant necessaria accipere<
    • 1_36. (p. 92) >XXXV De septimanariis coquine<
    • 1_37. (p. 94) >XXXVI De infirmis fratribus<
    • 1_38. (p. 96) >XXXVII De senibus vel infantibus<
    • 1_39. (p. 97) >XXXVIII De ebdomadario lectore<
    • 1_40. (p. 99) >XXXVIIII De mensura cibus<
    • 1_41. (p. 101) >XL De mensura potus<
    • 1_42. (p. 103) >XLI Quibus horis oportet reficere fratres<
    • 1_43. (p. 104) >XLII Ut post completorium nemo loquatur<
    • 1_44. (p. 107) >XLIII De his qui ad opus dei vel ad mensam tarde occurrunt<
    • 1_45. (p. 110) >XLIIII De his qui excommunicantur quomodo satisfatiant<
    • 1_46. (p. 112) >XLV De his qui falluntur in oratorio<
    • 1_47. (p. 113) >XLVI De his qui in aliis quibuslibet rebus delinquunt<
    • 1_48. (p. 114) >XLVII De significanda ora operis dei<
    • 1_49. (p. 115) >XLVIII De opera manuum cotidiana<
    • 1_50. (p. 119) >XLVIIII De qua dragesime observatione<
    • 1_51. (p. 121) >L De fratribus qui longe ab oratorio laborant aut in via sunt<
    • 1_52. (p. 122) >LI De fratribus qui non longe satis proficiscuntur<
    • 1_53. (p. 123) >LII De oratorio monasterii<
    • 1_54. (p. 124) >LIII De hospitibus suscipiendis<
    • 1_55. (p. 128) >LIIII Si debeat monachus literas vel aliquid suscipere<
    • 1_56. (p. 129) >LU De vestiario vel calciario fratrum<
    • 1_57. (p. 133) >LUI De mensa abbatis<
    • 1_58. (p. 133) >LUII De artificibus monasterii<
    • 1_59. (p. 135) >LUIII De disciplina suscipiendorum fratrum<
    • 1_60. (p. 140) >LUIIII De filiis nobilium aut pauperum qui offeruntur<
    • 1_61. (p. 142) >LX De sacerdotibus qui forte voluerint in monasterio habitare<
    • 1_62. (p. 144) >LXI De monachis peregrinis qualiter suscipiantur<
    • 1_63. (p. 147) >LXII De sacerdotibus monasterii<
    • 1_64. (p. 149) >LXIII De ordine congregationis<
    • 1_65. (p. 153) >LXIIII De ordinando abbate<
    • 1_66. (p. 157) >LXV De preposito monasterii<
    • 1_67. (p. 161) >LXVI De hostiariis monasterii<
    • 1_68. (p. 163) >LXVII De fratribus in viam directis<
    • 1_69. (p. 164) >LXVIII Si fratri inpossibili iniungant<
    • 1_70. (p. 166) >LXVIIII Ut in monasterio non presumat alter alterum defendere<
    • 1_71. (p. 166) >LXX Ut non presumat passim aliquis cedere<
    • 1_72. (p. 167) >LXXI Ut oboedientes sibi sint invicem<
    • 1_73. (p. 169) >LXXII De zelo bono quod debent monachi habere<
    • 1_74. (p. 171) >LXXIII De hoc quod non omnis iustitiae ob servatio in hac sit regula constituta<
    Index Reference Numbers
    • CPL 1852
    Editions
    • Regula Benedicti: de codice 914 in bibliotheca monasterii S. Galli, ed. Benedikt Probst. St. Ottilien: EOS, 1983. Diplomatic edition; reprints Morin edition.
    • Regulae Sancti Benedicti traditio codicum mss. Casinensium, ed. Germain Morin. Montecassino: 1900. Diplomatic edition.
    • La Règle de Saint Benoît, (SC 181-186). ed. Adalbert de Vogüé & Jean Neufville. Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1971-1977. Critical edition with French translation.
    Translations
    • RB 1980: The Rule of St. Benedict in Latin and English, ed. Timothy Fry. trans. Timothy Horner et al. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press, 1981.
    • La Règle de Saint Benoît, trans. Adalbert de Vogüé (SC 181-186). Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1971-1977. French translation with critical edition
    Bibliography
    • Paringer, B. "Le ms S.-Gall 914 représente-t-il le latin original de la Règle de S. Benoît?", Revue Bénédictine, 61 (1951): 81-140.
    • Traube, Ludwig. "Textgeschichte der Regula S. Benedicti", Abhandlungen der königlich bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 21(1898): 601-731
    • Vogüé, Adalbert de. Saint Benedict: The Man and His Work, trans. Gerald Malsbary. Petersham, MA: St. Bebe’s Publications, 2006.
    • For further bibliography, see: IMB and LexMA
  • 2. p. 173-179 Theodomar abbas Casinensis [ Paulus Diaconus], Epistula ad Karolum Regem >Epistola ad regeos Karolum de monasterio sancti Benedicti directa et a Paulo dictata< Propagatori ac defensori christianae religionis domno carolo …–… Maxime regnantum noster et altus amor.
    Editions
    • Theodemar [Paulus Diaconus]. Epistola ad regem Karolum de monasterio sancti Benedicti directa, ed. E. Dümmler (MGH Epp. 2). Weidmann, Berlin: 1895, p. 509-514. Critical Edition dMGH
    • Theodomari Abbatis Casinensis. Epistula ad Karolum regem, ed. E. Dümmler, in Initia Consuetudinis Benedictinae, (Corpus Consuetudinum Monasticarum I). Siegburg: Francis Schmitt, 1963, p. 137-175. Critical Edition
    Bibliography
    • Kelly, Thomas Forrest. The Beneventan Chant, Cambridge: CUP, 1989.
    • Paringer, B. "Le ms S.-Gall 914 représente-t-il le latin original de la Règle de S. Benoît?", Revue Bénédictine 61 (1951): p. 81-140.
  • 3. p. 181-190 Regula Sancti Benedicti Abbatis Anianensis sive Collectio Capitularis >Anno incarnationis domini nostri ihesu christi DCCC XUII< Imperii vero gloriosissimi principis Hludowici quarto …–… monachi abstinere se voluerint, in eorum sit arbitrio.
    • 3_1. (p. 181) I - IV
    • 3_2. (p. 182) V - XI
    • 3_3. (p. 183) XII - XVIIII
    • 3_4. (p. 184) XX - XXV
    • 3_5. (p. 185) XXVI - XXXII
    • 3_6. (p. 186) XXXIII - XXXVII
    • 3_7. (p. 187) XXXVIII - L
    • 3_8. (p. 188) LI – LXI
    • 3_9. (p. 189) LXII - LXXIII
    • 3_10. (p. 190) LXXIIII - LXXV
    Editions
    • Capitulare Monasticum 817, ed. A. Boretius (MGH Capit. 1). Hannover: Hahn, 1883, p. 343-348. Critical Edition. dMGH
    • Regula Sancti Benedicti Abbatis Anianensis sive Collectio Capitularis, ed. E. Dümmler, in Initia Consuetudinis Benedictinae, (Corpus Consuetudinum Monasticarum 1). Siegburg: Francis Schmitt, 1963, p. 515-535. Critical edition.
    Bibliography
    • de Jong, Mayke. "Carolingian Monasticism: the Power of Prayer", ed. R. McKitterick, New Cambridge Medieval History 2. Cambridge: CUP, 1995, p. 622-653.
    • Semmler, Josef. "Benedictus II: una regula - una consuetudo", in Benedictine Culture, 750-1050, ed. W. Lourdaux and D. Verhelst. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1983, p. 1-49.
    • For further bibliography, see: IMB and LexMA
  • 4. p. 191-192 Smaragdus: Expositio in Regulam S. Benedicti [excerptum] >Ex regula Sancti Fructuosi< Monachus paruulorum aut aduliscentum consectator …–… manu mea eam subter firmavisti sunt testes.
    • 4_1. (p. 191) Smaragdus: Cap. XXV >Ex regula Sancti Fructuosi.< Monachus paruulorum aut aduliscentum consectator …–… el consilio deinceps iuuenibus coniungendus
    • 4_2. (p. 192) Smaragdus: Cap. LIX Dum legaliter sancitum antiquitus …–… permaneat manu mea eam subter firmavi
    Editions
    • Smaragdus. Expositio in Regulam S. Benedicti, (Corpus Consuetudinum Monasticarum 8). Siegburg: Francis Schmitt, 1974, p. 224; 302. Critical edition.
    • Smaragdus S. Michaelis. Expositio in Regulam B. Benedicti, PL 102: 850D-851A, 906D-907A.
    Translation
    • Smaragdus of St. Mihiel. Commentary on the Rule of Saint Benedict, trans. David Barry. Kalamazoo: Cisterician Publications, 2007.
    Bibliography
    • Barry, David. "Smaragdus of St. Mihiel and His Commentary on the Rule of St. Benedict", Tjurunga: Australasian Benedictine Review, 36 (1989): 3-9.
    • Leclercq, Jean. The Love of Learning and the Desire for God: A Study of Monastic Culture, trans. C. Misrahi. New York: Fordham University Press, 1974.
    • Ponesse, Matthew D. "Smaragdus of St. Mihiel and the Carolingian monastic reform", Revue Bénédictine, 116:2 (2006): 367-392.
    • For further bibliography, see: IMB and LexMA
  • 5. pp. 193-194 Promissio stabilitatis in monasterio Ego ille initio conversationis meae diligenter adtendens …–… regulam sancti Benedicti coram Deo et sanctis eius.
    Edition
    • "Promissio stabilitatis in monasterio", Nova Collectio Formularum, PL 87: 865C-866A)
  • 6. p. 194-196 Office Collectar Isti V psalmi cotidiana cantentur pro elymosynas vivis et familiaribus …–… impendant servitia. Per dominum.
    Edition
    • Oratio super Hebdomadarios, PL 101: 464C-464D. Selected prayers
  • 7. pp. 197-198 Capitula Qualiter (post 821) Patres coenobiorum studiose sanctam regulam …–… tunc vere discipuli mei eritis, si dilectionem habueritis ad invicem.
    Editions
    • Capitula Qualiter (post 821), ed. D.H. Frank, in Initia Consuetudinis Benedictinae (Corpus Consuetudinum Monasticarum 1). Siegburg: Francis Schmitt, 1963, p. 347-354. Critical edition.
    • Antiquae Consuetudines Monasteriorum Ordinis S. Benedicti PL 89: 1261B-1262B.
  • 8. pp. 198-202 Ordo Casinensis I dictus Ordo Regularis (post 750) Ordinem regularem apud eos qui in arce …–… si dilectionem habueritis ad invicem.
    Edition
    • "Antiquae Consuetudines Monasteriorum Ordinis S. Benedicti", PL 89: 1262B-1264C.
    • Ordo Casinensis I dictus Ordo Regularis (post 750), ed. D.T. Leccisotti, in Initia Consuetudinis Benedictinae (Corpus Consuetudinum Monasticarum I). Siegburg: Francis Schmitt, 1963, p. 93-104. Critical edition.
  • 9. pp. 202-203 Grimaldus: et Tatto, [Epistula prooemialis Capitulorum Notitiarum Reginberto missorum] Prestantissimo et ineffabili dilectione nominando …–… Te regat et servet semper ubique sanum.
    Edition
    • Grimaldus et Tatto. [Epistula prooemialis Capitulorum Notitiarum Reginberto], ed. E. Dümmler (MGH Epp. 5). Berlin: Weidmann, 1889, p. 301-303. dMGH
    • Traube, Ludwig. "Textgeschichte der Regula S. Benedicti", Abhandlungen der königlich bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 21 (1898): 693.
    Bibliography
    • Hildebrandt, M.M. The External School in Carolingian Society, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1992.
    • McKitterick, Rosamond. The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, 751-987. London: Longman, 1983.
    • Paringer, B. "Le ms S.-Gall 914 représente-t-il le latin original de la Règle de S. Benoît?", Revue Bénédictine 61 (1951): 81-140.
  • 10. pp. 217-221 The pagination jumps from 203r (recto) to 217 (verso) Capitula Notitiarum (post 817) >Item capitula notitiarum de his, in quibus praeceptum regulae et contitutiones novellorum conciliorum acutius nos considerare< I. In primis ut nulla in ullis rebus …–… vel iniunctam sibi subeant oboedientiam.
    • 10_1. (p. 217) I - VIII
    • 10_2. (p. 218) X - XV
    • 10_3. (p. 219) XVI – XXII
    • 10_4. (p. 220) XXIII – XXXI
    Editions
    • Capitula Notitiarum (post 817), ed. D. H. Frank, in Initia Consuetudinis Benedictinae (Corpus Consuetudinum Monasticarum 1). Siegburg: Francis Schmitt, 1963, p. 337-345. Critical edition.
    • Capitula monachorum Ludowici imperatoris iussu diligentius observanda (MGH Epp. 5), p. 302-304. dMGH. Critical edition.
    Bibliography
    • Schmitz, Gerhard. "The Capitulary Legislation of Louis", in Charlemagne’s Heir: New Perspectives on the Reign of Louis the Pious (814-840), ed. Peter Godman and Roger Collins. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990, p. 425-436.
    • Schmitz, Gerhard. "Zum Kapitulariengesetzgebung Ludwigs des Frommen", Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters 42 (1986): 471-526.
    • For further bibliography, see: IMB and LexMA
  • 11. pp. 221-225 Benedictus Anianensis: Excerptus diversarum modus poenitentiarum >Excerptus diversarum modus penitentiarum a Benedicto abbate distinctus de Regula sancti Benedicti abbatis.< Plurimi nequaquam pleniter intelligentes iudiciorum …–… institutio sollicite est perpendenda.
    • 11_1. (pp. 221) >Excerptus diversarum modus poenitentiarum a Benedicto abbate<
    • 11_2. (pp. 222) >Denique per ordinem eosdem repententes<
    Edition
    • Benedictus Anianensis. Excerptus diversarum modus poenitentiarum. PL 103: 1417C-1420B.
    • For further bibliography, see: IMB and LexMA
  • 12. pp. 225-228 Formula Extravagans, no. 28 >Incipit petitio quam ante votum monachi quislibet facere debet< Domino venerabili in Christo Patri illo abbati …–… quem inridere conatus est.
    Edition
    • Formulae Extravagantes [no. 28], ed. K. Zeumer (MGH Formulae Merowingici et Karolini aevi). Hannover: Hahn, 1886, p. 569. dMGH Critical edition
    Bibliography
    • Rio, Alice. Legal Practice and the Written Word in the Early Middle Ages. Cambridge: CUP, 2009.
  • 13. p. 228 Formula Extravagans, no. 29 >Ipsa promissio< Ego ille, domne abba ille, obedientiam …–… ipso auxiliante, conservo. Amen
    Edition
    • Formulae Extravagantes [no. 29], ed. K. Zeumer (MGH Formulae Merowingici et Karolini aevi). Hannover: Hahn, 1886, p. 569. dMGH Critical edition
    Bibliography
    • Rio, Alice. Legal Practice and the Written Word in the Early Middle Ages, Cambridge: CUP, 2009.
  • 14. pp. 228-233 Grimaldus et Tatto, Capitula in Auuam directa (817-821) >Incipit epistola cum XII capitulis quorundam fratrum ad auuam directis< Quia igitur, sanctissime pater, vestrae auctoritatis …–… ut videatis Deum deorum in Siona amen.
    Editions
    • Capitula in Auuam directa (817-821), ed. D.H. Frank, in Initia Consuetudinis Benedictinae (Corpus Consuetudinum Monasticarum 1). Siegburg: Francis Schmitt, 1963, p. 329-336. Critical edition.
    • Grimaldus et Tatto. Epistola cum XII capitulis, ed. E. Dümmler (MGH Epp. 5). Berlin: Weidmann, 1919, p. 305-307. Critical edition.Critical edition dMGH
    Bibliography
    • Hildebrandt, M.M. The External School in Carolingian Society. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1992.
    • McKitterick, Rosamond. The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, 751-987. London: Longman, 1983.
    • Paringer, B. "Le ms S.-Gall 914 représente-t-il le latin original de la Règle de S. Benoît?", Revue Bénédictine 61 (1951): 81-140.
  • 15. pp. 234-278 Martyrologium Hieronymianum >In nomine sancte trinitatis incipit breviarum de martyrologium circulum anni transcriptus..iuxta romanorum traditione.< Domino sancto fratri hieronimo …–… VIII Kal. Ian. bethlem nativitas salvatoris domini nostri christi secundum carnem
    • 15_1. (pp. 234-235) Epistola Chromatii et Heliodori Episcoporum Ad Beatum Hieronymum, De Opere Martyrologii Colligendo >Incipit epistola cromatii et eleodiri epistola ad hieronimus< Domino sancto fratri hieronimmo presbytero cromatius et eleoderus episcopi in domino salutem cum religiosissimus agustus theudisius …–… perfectiusque Dei martyribus exhibere; explicit
    • 15_2. (pp. 235-236) Beati Hieronymi: Super Eo Ipso Ad Eosdem Responsio >Incipit rescriptum hieronimi presbiteri cromatio et eleodoro< Hieronimus presbiterus constat domini nostrum omne die martyrum suorum triumphus excipere quorum passiones …–… dignitas apostolectus in celesti gloria fecit esse sublimes.
    • 15_3. (pp. 236-240) Breviarum Apostolorum >Incipit breviarium apostolorum ex nomine uel locis ubi predicauerunt orti uel obiti sunt< Simon qui interpretatur oboediens petrus agnos cens filius iohannis fratri andree …–… euangelii predicatio in iudea.
    • 15_4. (pp. 240-277, 281) Martyrologium >In nomine sancte trinitatis Incipit martylogium per circulum anni< VIII Kal. Ian. bethlem nativitas salvatoris domini nostri christi secundum carnem …–… et trusi donati. explicit
    Edition
    • Martyrologium Hieronymianum. AASS, Nov. II.ii: 1-665.
    Bibliography
    • Barker, Ethel Ross. Rome of the Pilgrims and Martyrs: A Study in the Martyrologies, Itineraries, Syllogae and Other Contemporary Documents London: Methuen and Co. Ltd., 1913, p. 205-229. Google Books
    • Delehaye, Hippolyte et al. "Commentarius in Martyrologium Hieronynianum", AASS Nov. II.ii.
    • Dubois, J. Les martyrologues du Moyen Âge latin. Typologie des sources du Moyen Âge occidental , Turnhout: Brepols, 1978, p. 29-37.
    • Lifshitz, Felice. The Name of the Saint. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2006.
    • McCulloh, John M. "Historical Martyrologies in the Benedictine Cultural Tradition", in Benedictine Culture, 750-1050, ed. W. Lourdaux and D. Verhelst. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1983, p. 114-131.
    • For further bibliography, see: IMB and LexMA
  • 16. pp. 279-285 Kalendarium, Necrologium >Incipit marturlogium< VIII Kal. Ian. Mauvuonis vuigonis | VII Kal. Ian. tran. adalperar …–… VIII Kal. Ian. Eribonis.
    Edition
    • Necrologium Vetus, ed. E. Dümmler & H. Wartmann (Mittheilungen zur vaterländischen Geschichte 11). St. Gallen: Verlag von Huber and Comp., 1869, p. 25-28.
    Bibliography
    • Munding, Emmanuel. "Das ältere Kalendar der Reichenau", in Colligere Fragmenta, ed. B. Fischer. Beuron: Beuroner Kunstverlag, 1952, p. 234-246.
    • Schaab, Rupert. Mönch in Sankt Gallen. Zur inneren Geschichte eines frühmittelalterlichen Klosters. Ostfildern: Jan Thorbecke, 2003.
    • For further bibliography, see: IMB and LexMA
Bibliography:
  • Dümmler, E. and H. Wartmann. "St. Galler Todtenbuch und Verbrüderungen", Mittheilungen zur vaterländischen Geschichte 11. St. Gallen: Verlag von Huber and Comp., 1869, p. 1-12.
  • Gilissen, L. "Observations codicologiques sur le codex Sangallensis 914", in Miscellanea codicologica F. Masai dicata MCMLXXXIX, ed. P. Cockshaw, M.-C. Garand and P. Jodogne (Vol. 1). Gent: E. Story-Scientia, 1979, p. 51-70.
  • McKitterick, Rosamond. The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, 751-987. London: Longman, 1983.
  • Mordek, Hubert. Bibliotheca capitularium regum Francorum manuscripta. Überlieferung und Traditionszusammenhang der fränkischen Herrschererlasse, MGH Hilfsmittel 15. Munich: MGH, 1995.
  • Neufville, J. La Règle de Saint Benoît, 3 Instruments pour l'étude de la tradition manuscrite. Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1972.
  • Scherrer, Gustav. Verzeichniss der Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek von St. Gallen. Halle: Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses, 1875.
  • Traube, Ludwig. "Textgeschichte der Regula S. Benedicti", Abhandlungen der königlich bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 21 (1898): 601-731.
  • For further bibliography, see: IMB