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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 465
Paper · 209 pp. · 22.5 x 14.5 cm · 14th century
Martinus of Vienna, O.F.M., Exposition of the Mass

This fourteenth-century manuscript on paper contains an Exposition of the Mass by the Franciscan lector Martinus of Vienna. Two scribes carefully produced this single-column copy in a regular Gothic bookhand. They are also responsible for numerous corrections and marginal notes that appear throughout the codex. This volume belonged to the Abbey Library of Saint Gall since at least the fifteenth century, as attested by a German note of ownership at the bottom of the first page (p. 1). (rou)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 467
Paper · 396 pp. · 20.5/21 x 14/15 cm · 14th/15th century
Liber Sagittarius; Summa poenitentiae; Commentary on hymns and sequences; Gesta romanorum

This composite codex belonged to Kemli, a monk of St. Gall who had the parts, some of which come from the fourteenth century, bound together and interspersed with blank pages, which he and other writers then filled in. For this reason, the manuscript features numerous different hands and a constantly changing layout. The larger blocks of related text are a collection of sermons (Liber Sagittarius, pp. 361), a confessors' manual (pp. 71a92b), commentaries on hymns and sequences (pp. 118217b), as well as a collection, apparently assembled by Kemli himself, of ancient historical exempla, which in part are taken from the Gesta romanorum (pp. 226357). The leather binding dates from the fifteenth century. (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 469
Parchment · A–D + 204 + Y–Z pp. · 16 x 11 cm · Northern Italy (?) · 13th century
Marian prayerbook

This small prayerbook contains four large textual units, of which three could be called Marian prayers. A short psalter that connects the first verse of each psalm with an Ave Maria (pp. 535), an extensive litany of saints (pp. 3768), the “Joys of Mary” (pp. 69180), and another short psalter that is structured like the first text, except that throughout it uses a different Psalm verse instead of the initial verse (pp. 180200). The manuscript is entirely written by a skilled hand and contains rubrics and initials in red and blue ink. The text is preceded by two full-page illuminations (p. 2 Enthroned Virgin and Child, p. 3 the Flagellation of Christ). The mention of St. Abundius of Como (p. 56) suggests a possible place of origin for the codex. Thus Scherrer suggests that it could have been copied in Italy for Benedictines; Scarpatetti thinks that it was produced in or for a lay chapter or a women’s convent. On p. C can be found a likely post-medieval ownership mark by a certain Jodokus Graislos in Greek script. In the eighteenth century, the book received its current, unadorned binding and an ownership mark of the St. Gall-dependent convent of St. Johann im Thurtal (p. 1), whence the manuscript came to the Abbey Library. (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 492
Parchment · A + 172 ff. · 11 x 8 cm · 2nd half of the 14th century
Dominican Psalter

Most likely intended for the convent of Dominican nuns of St. Catherine in St. Gall, this tiny psalter (11 x 8 cm) reveals its Dominican use already in the calendar (ff. 2r-7v), which includes Dominican saints, such as Thomas Aquinas and Peter Martyr. Copied in a single column of textualis by a regular hand, the text is punctuated by alternating red and blue initials, sometimes with pen flourishes, and in different sizes according to the textual divisions (psalm, verse). In addition to Latin notes, the margins contain instructions in German on how to recite the Psalms. After the litany of saints and prayers (ff. 151r-159v), a paper quire has been added, dating from the end of the fifteenth century and containing hymns (ff. 160r-170v). (rou)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 503i
Parchment · A-H + 684 pp. · 16 x 11.5 cm · 14th century
Breviary

This substantial manuscript contains a Benedictine breviary. According to Scarpatteti, a professional copyist produced this in a Benedictine monastery, either in Savoy or in Italy, given some mentions related to Montecassino. The script, a rotunda, and the decoration, consisting of red and blue initials with blue and violet pen flourishes, betray the same transalpine origin. In addition, a fourteenth-century note written in Italian confirms this provenance (p. 8). Although the manuscript is only first officially attested in a catalogue of the St. Gall library in 1827, the insertion of the first pages in paper suggests that it was there at least from the fifteenth century (A-H). Indeed, beyond to adding various notes, a fifteenth-century copyist completed the fragmentary calendar and inserted into it the name of Notker, who was venerated in St. Gall (p. H). (rou)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 504
Parchment · A + 261 ff. · 11.5/12 x 9 cm · France · 14th century
Breviary (summer section)

This small manuscript contains the summer part of a breviary, copied in an elegant textualis, probably in France, as suggested by the entries in the fragmentary calendar (for example, the anniversary masses for the King of France and for the Countess of Blois). At the end of the codex (f. 261v), annotations in German, written probably in the fourteenth century, and others from the fifteenth century relative to St. Gall (ff. 174v-175r) indicate that, early on, it was present in the German-speaking region and in St. Gall. Various reasons, including the script of one of the later hands, suggest that, at a very early date, the manuscript belonged to the convent of Dominican nuns of St. Gall. (rou)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 531
Paper · 472 pp. · 29 x 21 cm · 14th/15th century
Directorium; Acta apostolorum; Sermones etc.

A 14th/15th century folio manuscript, written by several hands on differently-arranged sheets of paper, contains an extensive explanation of the liturgical year (Directorium spirituale, pp. 3205), followed by sermons (pp. 205b211, 257370, 375414), the Acts of the Apostles with a commentary (pp. 213255), a computistic table (pp. 372373) and a few lines of Thomas Aquinas on suffrages. The manuscript is incompletely rubricated and has no ownership marks. A colophon to the Acta apostolorum provides the year 1405 (p. 255). The fifteenth-century binding is lacking clasps. (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 532
Parchment · IV + 110 + II pp. · 27.5 x 19.5 cm · St. Gall · shortly after 1540
Directorium perpetuum ecclesie sancti Galli, Series secunda (ulterior), Regulae 1-2

Copied after 1540 (the date can be deduced from the mention of the consecration of the chapel of Saints Fabian and Sebastian on p. 6) by the St. Gall organist and scribe Fridolin Sicher (1490-1546), this manuscript contains the first two rules of the Directorium perpetuum. Its content is almost entirely identical to Cod. Sang. 533, which is the first of seven volumes commissioned by Abbot Franz von Gaisberg (Cod. Sang. 533-539). Produced some twenty years later, Cod. Sang. 532 is the only volume that survives from the second series; the others were either never produced or have been lost. Decoration had been planned but was never done (p. IV and 56 for full pages, and p. 1 and 57 for initials). Analogously to the first series, it is likely that the arms and the portrait of the commissioning abbot – probably Diethelm Blarer (1530-1564) – would have been included. (rou)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 584
Parchment and paper · 78 pp. · 18 x 13.5 (I); 20.5 x 14.5 (II) cm · 14th and 15th centuries
William Rothwell, Quaestiones de septem sacramentis; Life of St. Bridget

This little booklet brings together in an eighteenth-century half-leather binding two fascicules produced in different centuries and which certainly were not originally connected. The first fascicule (pp. 552) contains a single text, the Dominican William Rothwell’s treatise on the sacraments. The text, copied in a fourteenth-century hand, is arranged in two columns and is rubricated throughout. Due to water damage, the parchment is heavily rippled. The second fascicule (pp. 5376) contains the life of St. Bridget of Sweden. The text, laid out in a single column, is written in a fifteenth-century hand, and only the first page is rubricated. The second paper flyleaf at the beginning (p. 3) contains a breviary fragment. (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 585
Paper · 328 pp. · 21 x 14 cm · Saint Leonard Franciscan Convent, St. Gall (?) · after 1456
Elsässische Legenda Aurea (selections from the summer section)

The bulk of this manuscript is constituted by lives of the Apostles taken from the Elsässische Legenda Aurea, an important Upper German rendition of James of Voragine’s Legendary (pp. 1259, largely identical to the abridged legendary in Cod. Sang. 594). There then follows the mystical treatise Christus und die sieben Laden (pp. 260277). The last two quires (pp. 281328) contain a collection of spiritual, mostly mystical excerpts (Meister Eckhart, Jan van Ruusbroec) and, on the final pages, an indulgence prayer intended to be recited before an image of St. Gregory (indulgence promise dated 1456, pp. 326328). Several pages before this prayer, there is an explicitly-connected accompanying prayer (pp. 319320). Scarpatetti believes the scribe was Sister Endlin of the Franciscan convent St. Leonard in St. Gall. Later, the manuscript came into the possession of Johannes Kaufmann (ownership marks, p. 1, p. 277, and on the upper piece of the book block), and, even later, it belonged to a lay brother of the monastery of St. Gall (p. 328). Simple red initials provide the only decoration. The binding is red-colored pigskin of the fifteenth century, with clasps and with six of ten original bosses still in place. Some fragments used as quire guards can be seen (e.g., p. 52/53). (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 588
Paper · 374 pp. · 24 x 17 cm · 2nd half of the 15th century
Lives of Saints Benedict, Gall and Otmar

The paper manuscript from the second half of the fifteenth century contains three saints’ lives in German: St. Benedict (pp. 1-57), St. Gall (pp. 63-294) and St. Otmar (pp. 299-372). While the first of these three lives is the German version taken from the Dialogues of Pope Gregory I, the two that follow resemble, at least partially, the translations of the Benedictine Friedrich Kölner. The texts are carefully copied in a single column by a single scribe and decorated with simple initials painted in red. The brown-leather binding, dating from the fifteenth/sixteenth century, is blind-stamped. At the latest by the sixteenth century, this copy belonged to the community of lay brothers of the abbey of St. Gall (p. 374). (rou)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 591
Paper · 320 pp. · 20.5 x 14 cm · Freiburg im Breisgau (?) · 15th century
Mystical prayer and devotional book

This German-language manuscript gathers together a series of strongly mystical stories and prayers. The first two thirds (pp. 1259) are taken up by three translations of texts by Elisabeth of Schönau, all of which have as their object St. Ursula and the eleven thousand virgins. Then follows the legend of St. Cordula (pp. 260264). The remaining texts, with the exception of an excerpt from Mechtild of Hackeborn (pp. 295302) are all prayers, mostly addressed to Mary and often with extensive instructions for the prayer. The book is rubricated throughout, and it has two simple pen-flourished initials (p. 1, 162); the rubric on p. 1 is written in a display script. Inside the book can be found a bookmark made of four thin cords knotted at the top. The binding comes from the fifteenth century and is decorated with stamps and decorative lines. In 1794, Ildefons von Arx purchased the manuscript from the collection of the dissolved convent of Poor Clares of St. Dorothea of Freiburg im Breisgau (ownership marks p. 1 and p. 320; purchase note, p. 1). (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 592
Paper · I + 518 pp. · 20.5 x 13.5-14.5 cm · Southwestern Germany · second half of the 15th century
Elsässische Legenda Aurea (selections from the summer section)

This manuscript contains selections from the Elsässischen Legenda Aurea, an important Upper-German rendition of James of Voragine’s legendary. The selections are largely limited to the saints of the summer section. The first part of the manuscript (pp. I64) is written in a hand that copies the legends of John, Peter, and Paul. A second, somewhat less skilled, hand writes the rest, beginning with the only verse text of the manuscript (the Barbara-legend, starting on p. 66). This verse text is the only text that the Baroque label on the spine mentions. Also from the Legenda Aurea is the account of the Einsiedeln Engelweihe (pp. 191196). Both parts contain rubrics and restrained rubrication in a hand different from those used for the text. The beginning and end of the manuscript are missing; the binding, restored in the nineteenth century, dates from the fifteenth century. (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 594
Paper · 407 pp. · 15.5/16 x 11 cm · St. Gall · 1430-1436
Elsässische Legenda Aurea (Lives of the Apostles from the summer section); Spiritual treatises

The paper manuscript was copied in a rapid cursive by Friedrich Kölner during his stay at the monastery of St. Gall between 1430 and 1436. It contains first the lives of the Apostles in the German translation of the summer part of the Golden Legend (pp. 6-269). There then follow, also in German, the sermon Von den Zeichen der Messe, composed by the Franciscan Berthold of Regensburg (pp. 269-284), Die Legende von den Heiligen Drei Königen, composed by Johannes von Hildesheim (pp. 284-389), a Pilatus-Veronika-Legende (pp. 389-400), a Greisenklage (pp. 400-402), and finally the Fünfzehn Vorzeichen des Jüngsten Gerichts (pp. 402-403). According to Cod. Sang. 1285, p. 11, the manuscript entered the possession of the Abbey Library as part of the acquisition of manuscripts by Johann Nepomuk Hauntiger, which took place between 1780 and 1792. (rou)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 596
Paper · 116 pp. · 22/22.5 x 14.5/15 cm · 14th century
Excerpts from the lives and teachings of the Monastic Fathers

The volume was copied by several fourteenth-century hands. Its contents were either planned to be more extensive or it is not completely preserved. A summary of contents on p. 3, as well as a slip of paper glued to the front cover with a post-medieval table of contents list seven parts, of which, however, only four are present: excerpts from the lives of the Monastic Fathers in two parts (pp. 328 and 2853), excerpts from Gregory the Great’s life of St. Benedict (pp. 5379), and excerpts from the Purgatorium Patricii (pp. 8091). An index of these four parts can be found on pp. 9295, followed by two sermons of Pope Innocent III (pp. 96111) and passages from other sermons (pp. 111114). On the front and back parchment flyleaves appear numerous notes and ownership entries of different sorts, dating from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. According to them, in the fifteenth century, the book belonged to the Leper chapel of St. Gallen. The medieval half-leather binding was reused in the seventeenth century for a new binding. (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 601
Paper · II + 474 pp. · 29 x 21 cm · partially at St. Gall · 14th and 15th centuries
Jacobus de Voragine, Legenda aurea (Legendae sanctorum / Historia Lombardica)

The folio-sized volume transmitting a collection of legends from James of Voragine probably comes from the personal collection of Kemli, monk of St. Gall; in any case, it is expanded and corrected in his own hand. The arrangement of the manuscript is therefore not unitary. The older part is copied in two columns by a late fourteenth-century hand; the texts on the leaves inserted and annotated by Kemli are in a single column (pp. 220, 164189, 210211, 445462, 471474). The Legenda sanctorum (pp. 2452) is supplemented by a Materia de exorcismo et coniurationibus (pp. 456470) added by Kemli. To this text there are some additions, pp. 463470, made in an another hand from the second half of the fifteenth century, which in turn were expanded by Kemli (p. 470). On pp. 471473 follows the final text, written in Kemli’s hand, containing a legend of the Eleven Thousand Virgins; before the beginning of the text a half-page leaf was glued. Probably it was the woodcut with the ship of St. Ursula that Ildefons von Arx detached (Kemli-Kat., Nr. 31). The fifteenth-century binding has been repaired several times and has two leather covers and, on the front cover, a title label written by Kemli. (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 637
Parchment · 667 pp. · 15.5 x 11 cm · 13th/14th century
Summa de donis: Exempla on Vices and Virtues

This extensive volume was copied at the turn of the thirteenth to fourteenth century by a single hand with a somewhat varying ductus. It contains a thematically ordered compilation of short examples and observations on virtues and vices (pp. 3658) that may have been taken from Etienne de Bourbon or Humbertus de Romanis. This summa is made accessible by an index (pp. 659661), written in a later hand, which hand also completed the foliation. The manuscript is rubricated throughout and contains two-line red and blue lombards. On the front flyleaf can be found a fragment of a charter from 1295. The red-leather binding has the remains of a medieval clasp. (mat)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 678
Paper · 218 pp. · 21 × 14.5–15 cm · Southwestern Germany · 15th century
Miscellany of theological, astrological, and medical texts, as well as documents from the Council of Constance

Five codicological units make up this paper manuscript; the text was written by one or more hands in the fifteenth century. The longest texts in the manuscript are the Tractatus de vitiis capitalibus, which is probably to be ascribed to Robert Holcot, the Dialogus rationis et conscientiae of Matthew of Krakow, and the Dialogus de celebratione missae by Henry of Hessia the Younger. The remaining texts are shorter, including sermons, spiritual instructions, and astrological and medical treatises. In addition, there are added numerous documents related to the Council of Constance (1414—1418) that deal with the condemnation of John Hus and with the question of Communion under both kinds. (len)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 692
Paper · I–IV + 493 pp. · 22 × 15–16 cm · St. Gall · 1466, 1476
Gallus Kemli’s miscellany

This voluminous paper manuscript was written by Gallus Kemli († 1480/81) approximately in the period 1466 to 1476. It transmits tools, compendia, and summaries of theology, canon law, liturgy, and confession and penance, as well as prayers and chants with German Plainchant (Hufnagel) notation for the mass, a rituale, and, finally, further prayers, blessings, sermons and exhortations, partly in Latin and partly in German. The manuscript is bound in a limp wrapper with a red leather cover. Gallus Kemli, monk of Saint Gall, who led an erratic itinerant life outside the abbey, left at his death a large collection of books, including this one. (len)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 697
Parchment · 271 pp. · 25.5 × 16 cm · Italy · 13th century
Vincentius Hispanus, Apparatus in Compilationem tertiam

The manuscript transmits Vincentius Hispanus’ apparatus to the Compilatio tertia. Composed in 1210–1215, this apparatus is an extensive, stable series of glosses on a collection of Pope Innocent III’s decretals. This manuscript has the distinction of being a thirteenth-century Italian pecia-exemplar of this gloss-apparatus (without the text of the Compilatio tertia). Pecia-exemplars served as approved sources for the serial copying at universities of legal texts and their apparatus of glosses. (len)

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Documents: 47, displayed: 1 - 20