Documents: 1290, displayed: 381 - 400

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Archives de l'Etat de Fribourg/Staatsarchiv Freiburg, Archives du Chapitre St. Nicolas/Kapitelsarchiv St. Niklaus, CSN III.3.5
Parchment · 162 ff. · 56.5 x 39.5 cm · Fribourg, Switzerland · (1510-1517)
Antiphonarium Lausannense. De Sanctis, pars hiemalis. Officium B.M.V. Commune Sanctorum

This antiphonary with musical notation, whose text corresponds to the Lausanne Ordinary, contains the winter portion of the de Sanctis, the Officium B.M.V. and the Commune Sanctorum. The parchment codex was written between 1510 and 1517 in the workshop of Master Ruprecht (Fabri) in Fribourg by 2 hands (A and B). The book decorations are by Jakob Frank of the Augustinian monastery ofFribourg and an assistant. (utz)

Online Since: 12/20/2012

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Archives de l'Etat de Fribourg/Staatsarchiv Freiburg, Archives du Chapitre St. Nicolas/Kapitelsarchiv St. Niklaus, CSN III.3.6
Parchment · 168 ff. · 55 x 39 cm · Fribourg, Switzerland · (1510)-1517
Antiphonarium Lausannense. De Sanctis, pars hiemalis. Officium B.M.V. Commune Sanctorum

This antiphonary with musical notation, whose text corresponds to the Lausanne Ordinary, contains the winter portion of the de Sanctis, the Officium B.M.V. and the Commune Sanctorum. The parchment codex was written between 1510 and 1517 in the workshop of Master Ruprecht (Fabri) in Fribourg by 2 hands (A and B). The book decorations are by Jakob Frank of the Augustinian monastery ofFribourg and an assistant. (utz)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Archives de l'Etat de Fribourg/Staatsarchiv Freiburg, Archives du Chapitre St. Nicolas/Kapitelsarchiv St. Niklaus, CSN III.3.7
Parchment · 261 ff. · 61-62 x 43.5 cm · Fribourg, Switzerland · (1510-1517)
Antiphonarium Lausannense. De Sanctis, pars aestiva. Officium B.M.V.

This antiphonary with musical notation, whose text corresponds to the Lausanne Ordinary, contains the summer portion of the de Sanctis and the Officium B.M.V.The parchment codex was written between 1510 and 1517 in the workshop of Master Ruprecht (Fabri) in Fribourg completely by hand B (cf. Saint Nicholas Chaper Archive, ms. 5). The book decorations are by Jakob Frank of the Augustinian monastery ofFribourg. (utz)

Online Since: 12/20/2012

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Archives de l'Etat de Fribourg/Staatsarchiv Freiburg, Archives du Chapitre St. Nicolas/Kapitelsarchiv St. Niklaus, CSN III.3.8
Parchment · 256 ff. · 61-62 x 43 cm · Fribourg, Switzerland · 1511/(1517)
Antiphonarium Lausannense. De Sanctis, pars aestiva. Officium B.M.V.

This antiphonary with musical notation, whose text corresponds to the Lausanne Ordinary, contains the summer portion of the de Sanctis and the Officium B.M.V.The parchment codex was written between 1511 and 1517 in the workshop of Master Ruprecht (Fabri) in Fribourg. The book decorations are by Jakob Frank of the Augustinian monastery ofFribourg. (utz)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Archives de l'Etat de Fribourg/Staatsarchiv Freiburg, Livre des bourgeois 1 / Bürgerbuch 1
Paper · 182 ff. · 40 x 30 cm · Fribourg · 1341-1416
Register of Citizens 1 (Livre des bourgeois 1 / Bürgerbuch 1)

The state archives of Fribourg owns a whole series of registers of citizens(Bürgerbücher). The first two of these registers are the most important ones; they cover the period from 1341 to 1769 and are presented here in digitized form. The registers present the citizens of the city of Fribourg as they change from a citizenry that is very open for economic reasons at the turn of the 15th century to one that gradually closes itself off and then becomes a privileged patriciate in the 18th century. ‘Bürgerbücher’ were a means of controlling the enrollment of new citizens through lists, which from the very beginning could be in book form. This allowed mostly large and medium-sized German cities that had achieved a certain political and economic development to react to and to regulate demographic trends and immigration during the late Middle Ages, after and even before the great plague (mid-14th century). The first register was not planned, but consists of separate booklets that were bound together probably in 1416. (utz)

Online Since: 06/23/2014

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Archives de l'Etat de Fribourg/Staatsarchiv Freiburg, Livre des bourgeois 2 / Bürgerbuch 2
Parchment · 238 ff. · 44.5 x 33 cm · Fribourg · 1416-1769
Register of Citizens 2 (Livre des bourgeois 2 / Bürgerbuch 2) (1415[!]-1769)

The state archives of Fribourg owns a whole series of registers of citizens(Bürgerbücher). The first two of these registers are the most important ones; they cover the period from 1341 to 1769 and are presented here in digitized form. The registers present the citizens of the city of Fribourg as they change from a citizenry that is very open for economic reasons at the turn of the 15th century to one that gradually closes itself off and then becomes a privileged patriciate in the 18th century. ‘Bürgerbücher’ were a means of controlling the enrollment of new citizens through lists, which from the very beginning could be in book form. This allowed mostly large and medium-sized German cities that had achieved a certain political and economic development to react to and to regulate demographic trends and immigration during the late Middle Ages, after and even before the great plague (mid-14th century). The second register was created in 1416 by the deliberate designs of city clerk Petermann Cudrefin, who had kept the first register since 1396 and had found it very disorganized. (utz)

Online Since: 06/23/2014

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Archives de l'Etat de Fribourg/Staatsarchiv Freiburg, Affaires de la ville/Stadtsachen A 596
Paper · 355 pp. · 31.0 x 21.0 cm · Fribourg, Switzerland · 1577
«Schulordnung und Satzungen der neuaufgerichteten und reformierten Schule zu Freiburg im Üchtland»

The “Katharinenbuch” contains the regulations for a secondary school, as it was to be founded in Fribourg at the time of the Catholic reform on the model of the reformed schools. Peter Schneuwly (1540-1597) can be considered the author; he himself probably went to school in Fribourg. From 1557 on, he studied in Freiburg im Breisgau, where he attained a Magister artium. From 1564 on, he was a member of the clergy of the Collegiate Church of St. Nicholas in Fribourg, in 1565 he became a canon, and in 1566 a preacher in the city. At this time, the first preparatory works for the “Katharinenbuch” took shape. In the years 1577-1597, Schneuwly was vicar general of the Diocese of Lausanne, from 1578-1587 also provost of St. Nicholas. The “Katharinenbuch” also constitutes the charter of the “Scholarchenkammer” (chamber of scholarchs) of the city of Fribourg, in whose possession it remained until the 19th century. The school reform sought by Schneuwly never went into effect because in 1580, also on Schneuwly’s initiative, the Jesuits were called to Fribourg and were entrusted with secondary education. (utz)

Online Since: 12/13/2013

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Cap. Rés. 527
Paper · 245 ff. · 29 x 20.5-21 cm · Italy · Third quarter of the 15th century
Plutarchus

Paper manuscript containing the Parallel Lives of Plutarch in latin translation. The first page features a golden initial on a background of white vine stem decoration, as well as a coat of arms in the bottom margin, perhaps that of Guiniforte Zazzi, Pavia professor of law; on the sides of the coat of arms can be read the name of Peter Falck (+1519), the Fribourg humanist through whom the manuscript reached Fribourg before becoming part of the library of the Capuchins, and, in 2004, of the University Library. (ber)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 4
Parchment · 149 ff. · 31-31.5 x 22 cm · Carthusian Monastery „La Lance“ (Canton of Vaud) · 15th century
Evangelia et collectae cartusianorum

The liturgical content of this manuscript corresponds to that in use among the Carthusians. The church consecration festival listed in the Proprium de Sanctis between the feast days on the 4th and the 23rd of April probably refers to the 18th of April, when this holiday was celebrated at La Lance. This observation suggests that the manuscript was created in the Carthusian Monastery La Lance (Canton of Vaud). Several ex-libris can be dated around 1500 and confirm the presence of this codex in the monastery, at least until its dissolution in 1538. Then the manuscript was passed on to the Carthusian Monastery Part-Dieu in the Canton of Fribourg. Recently the manuscript was restored and the old binding was replaced. (ber)

Online Since: 03/19/2015

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 5
Parchment · 175 ff. · 30 × 22,5 cm · Hauterive (?) · first half of the 13th century (after 1235)
Vitae et passiones sanctorum

This collection of hagiographical texts was written by various hands in the second third of the 13th century, probably in Hauterive. The presence of certain texts indicates a Cistercian origin (Vita of St. Robert of Molesme, the author Geoffroy de Hautecombe) and, based on our knowledge of medieval Hauterive, a regional origin (the Vita of St. Theodore, Bishop of Sion; the Vita and the Miracula of Saint Nicholas of Myra; the Vita of St. Elizabeth of Hungary; the Passio of Saint Maurice and his companions by Eucherius of Lyon). The end of the book contains a collection of texts related to confession. The last one of these attests a little know activity of the monks: the pastoral care of the Cistercian nuns. The manuscript remains in its original cover which, although damaged, is still well recognizable: a cover with wide flaps that cover the edges of the book. (jur)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 24
Paper · 153 ff. · 27.5-28 x 20.5 cm · Eastern Europe (?) · second half of the 14th century
Formulae epistolarum . Johannes Wrantz . Nicolaus de Dybin . Neidhart von Reuental

In addition to various Formulae epistolarum, this manuscript contains the Summa dictaminis by Johannes Wrantz (ff. 1r-126r), excerpts from the Viaticus dictandi by Nicolaus of Dybin (ff. 138v-140r) and a song, partly with musical notation, in Middle High German perhaps by Neidhart of Reuental (ff. 144v-145r), one of the best known German minnesingers. At an unknown later time, probably at the end of the 19th century or the beginning of the 20th century, the manuscript became part of the Cantonal und University Library of Fribourg (BCU/KUB). (ber)

Online Since: 03/19/2015

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 30
Parchment · 366 ff. · 22.5 x 15.0 cm · Fribourg, Saint Nicholas · ca. 1400
Breviarium Lausannense

A breviary for the diocese of Lausanne preceded by a psalter. The different parts of the text are introduced by illuminated initials produced in an archaic manner. According to a note at the end of the text, the codex was produced by Magister Gilles around 1400 at the behest of Pierre Frenscher of Montagny, parish priest of Saint Nicholas of Fribourg. Another note records a donation by Frenscher for the altar of Saint Sylvester in the church of Saint Nicholas in Fribourg. (ber)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 34
Parchment · 375 ff. · 24 x 16.5-17 cm · Interlaken (?) · 14th century
Jacobus de Voragine, Legenda Aurea

James of Voragine’s Golden Legend, one of the most copied texts of the Middle Ages, appears here in a meticulous fourteenth-century copy. This copy is particularly noteworthy for its exceptional elegance and the refined stitchwork that fixes defects in the parchment (holes and tears); they bring to mind similar works from the double convent of canons and canonesses at Interlaken. The decoration resembles the output of a Zurich workshop. Little is known of the early history of the manuscript, but it as attested in the Cistercian monastery of Hauterive from at least the seveneenth century. (jur)

Online Since: 03/31/2011

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 37
Paper · 147 ff. · 22 x 15 cm · Dijon · 1447
Boetius

Few works of antiquity had as profound an influence on the Middle Ages as did Boethius’ De Consolatione Philosophiae. This exemplar contains valuable information which allows it to be placed in an interesting historical context. The Fribourg cleric Pierre Guillomin finished copying the manuscript on Christmas Eve 1447 in Dijon. The colophon, which states these details, also names the recipient of the manuscript, Jacques Trompettaz († 1503), a compatriot of the copyist. The latter was careful to include in several passages of the text, in addition to his own name and that of the addressee, the names of two more Fribourg friends, Claude de Gruyère and Jacques Sutz, Monk at Hauterive. (jur)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 39
Paper · 122 ff. · 21 x 14 cm · Freiburg in Breisgau · 1445, 1452
Liber Ordinarius officii et missae und Rituale, some parts in German

The Liber ordinarius is a liturgical text that describes the ceremonies for every day and for holidays for a certain cathedral or for a certain collegiate or monastery church. In this case it is a Liber for Augustinian Hermits; according to a note on f. 63v-64r, it was written by Brother Georius Vituli from the Convent of the Augustinian Heremits in Freiburg in Breisgau. It contains various sermons, instructions and a treatise on the Ten Commandments in German. At some unknown time, the text passed from Freiburg in Breisgau to the Augustinian Convent of Fribourg (Switzerland). (ber)

Online Since: 03/19/2015

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 84
Parchment · 132 ff. · 35-37 × 26 cm · first half of the 13th century
Biblia sacra (Isaias-Malachim)

This Cistercian manuscript, datable to the first half of the 13th century, contains only a part of the Old Testament, that is, the Books Isaiah to and including Malachi. This book must have changed libraries for historical reasons. After being held in the Cistercian Abbey Frienisberg in the Canton of Bern, it reached Hauterive when the Bernese Monastery was dissolved during the Protestant Reformation. The last Abbot of Frienisberg, Urs Hirsinger, is said to have arrived at the Fribourg Abbey with a handful of manuscripts. (jur)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 90
Parchment · 207 ff. · 36.5 x 26.5 cm. · Southern Germany · first half of the 15th century
Psalterium-Hymnarium Ordinis Fratrum Praedicatorum

A psalter-hymnal produced for use by Dominicans. The saints recorded in the calendar indicate the codex’s point of origin as a Dominican convent in Southern Germany or Bohemia. The decorative style of the illuminated initials and filigrees, above all, indicate Bohemian origin and an origination date in the first half of the 15th century (new information provided by Martin Roland, Vienna). (ber)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 145
Paper · 46 ff. · 20,5-21 x 14,5 cm · Germany · around 1486
Johannes de Paltz

This quaestio disputata by the Augustinian Johannes of Paltz (around 1445-1511) is a perfect illustration of the working methods of medieval scholasticism. The manuscript was written in Erfurt in the summer of 1486 and has as its topic the refutation of three errors. The first regards those who claim “to be able to calculate and foresee the Last Judgment.” It seems that this document is the only handwritten version of this text, which is known through two printed editions from the 15th century. Franz Xaver Karker (1812-1892), Canon of the Cathedral of Breslau (today Wroclaw in Poland), donated this work to the Fribourg library. (jur)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 158
Parchment · 131 ff. · 32 x 21 cm · Hauterive (?) · second half of the 12th century
Missale cisterciense

Probably written around 1200 in Hauterive, this Cistercian missal has recently attracted the attention of historians who study St. Elizabeth of Hungary (1207-1231). Together with another manuscript from Hauterive, the antiphonary L 301, this manuscript is considered evidence of the rapid spread of the cult of the saint in a Cistercian monastery. Indeed, the general chapter of the Cistercians decided in 1236 to have the name of the saint, who was canonized the previous year, entered into the martyrology and into the calendar of the order. The corresponding entry in our manuscript’s calendar, by a second hand, is probably a consequence of this decision. (jur)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Fribourg/Freiburg, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire/Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek, Ms. L 293
Parchment · 171 ff. · 33,5-34 x 22-22,5 cm · Hauterive (?) · beginning of the 13th century
Vitae sanctorum . Hugo de Sancto Victore . Fretellus . Moralium dogma philosophorum . Computistica . Interpretationes nominorum hebraicorum

This manuscript contains predominantly hagiographical texts, written in various hands at the beginning of the 13th century. One could reasonably propose that it originated at Hauterive. Without doubt, the text at the beginning of the collection was most important for the monks, a Vita of St. Bernard of Clairvaux (the Vita prima), which takes up the greatest part of the manuscript. Also worth noting is a text quite surprising in a monastic context: the Liber locorum sanctorum terrae Jerusalem at the time of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem by Fretellus of Nazareth († after 1154). Another particularity of the manuscript is its binding with flaps that show traces of metalwork in the shape of a star. (jur)

Online Since: 04/09/2014