Documents: 1947, displayed: 381 - 400

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 137
Parchment · 76 ff. · 20.2 x 14 cm · Italiy? · 15th century (beginning?)
Plato, Phaedo

In this work from Plato's most productive period, Phaedo tells of the death of Socrates from a witness's point of view and relates the last words of the great philosopher in the form of a last dialogue with Cebes and Simmias. This manuscript, which contains a number of attractive decorative initials, was written during the 15th century on parchment. The round humanistic script is that of a single scribe, who identifies himself in red thus, "Marcus Speegnimbergensis scripsit" (fol. 76) (jos)

Online Since: 06/02/2010

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 139
Parchment · II + 174 + 2 ff. blancs ff. · 33.5 x 23.2 cm · Italy (Florence) · 15th century (about 1460-1470?)
Polybius, Historiae

This manuscript, which was written during the 15th century in Florence, retains its original binding. The humanistic script is the work of a single scribe, with large golden initials and "bianchi girari" (white vine) decorations at the beginning of each book. There are some marginal glosses written in violet ink as well as other, newer additions which were probably made during the 16th century. After Herodotus and Thucydides, Polybius is the third-greatest Greek historian. He concentrated on accounts of the Roman conquest, as characterized in the many conflicts that took place in a variety of different locations. (jos)

Online Since: 06/02/2010

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 141
Parchment · I + 80 + 1 ff. · 23.7 x 15 cm · Florence · 1466
Propertius, Elegies

This manuscript contains Propertius’ elegies; it was written in an elegant humanist script by Gian Pietro da Spoleto in Florence in 1466. The manuscript belonged to Antonello Petrucci d’Aversa († 1487), who was active in the Aragonese chancery and later in the library of the Aragonese kings in Naples. The initials at the beginning of each book as well as on the frontispiece are decorated with bianchi girari (white vine scroll); the coat of arms that should have appeared within the laurel wreath (f. 1r) was never executed. (ber)

Online Since: 12/18/2014

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 142
Parchment · 194 ff. · 21.1 x 16.5 cm · Germany or Switzerland (region of St. Gall?) · end of the 11th century or beginning of the 12th century
Prudentius, Carmina (cum glossis)

In the foreword to CB 142, Prudentius underscores his desire to please God through the work he does, or at least though his poems. The most important works of this Latin-Christian poet, born in the 4th century in Tarragona, have been collected in this manuscript from the end of the 11th or the beginning of the 12th century, and they reflect the light of the word of God. One may read here, among other things, the famous Psychomachia, which portrays the struggle between the allegorical figures of vice and virtue, a lesson that had a profound influence upon medieval art and poetry. (mes)

Online Since: 12/21/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 143
Parchment · I + 219 + 220 ff. · 34 x 24.6 cm · France · around 1440
Benevenutus Imolensis, Romuleon

This manuscript contains the Romuleon, a collection of anonymous Latin texts about the history of Rome attributed to Benvenuto da Imola. CB 145 was written in France in about 1440, probably during the lifetime of Charles VII, whose portrait can be found on fol. 6v. There is a series of noteworthy miniatures at the beginning of the manuscript. (fmb)

Online Since: 03/25/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 144
Parchment · I + 70 + I ff. · 24 x 15.5 cm · France · around 1470
René d'Anjou, Le mortifiement de vaine plaisance

This manuscript contains the tract Le Mortifiement de Vaine Plaisance by King René of Anjou. This allegorical poem, composed in 1455, invites people to live a holy life by means of a dialogue between soul and heart about abstinence from unsatisfying earthly things. CB 144 is decorated with eight full-page miniatures made by Jean Colombe in about 1470. (fmb)

Online Since: 07/25/2006

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 146
Parchment · 38 ff. · 27.6 x 17.8 cm · Northern Italy · 10th century
Manuscript with rhetorical works, owned by Petrarch

10th century manuscript of Italian origin, which contains numerous works of rhetoric: the Ars rhetorica by Fortunatianus, the Principia rhetorices by Augustine, the Praecepta artis rhetoricae by Julius Severianus and the Partitiones oratoriae by Cicero. In the 14th century, it became the property of Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca), who, at various times of his life, added numerous marginal notes. The manuscript demonstrates the humanist’s interest in the Oratores latini minores (minor Latin orators), which contributed to their rediscovery and proliferation. (ber)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 147
Parchment · I + 388 + I ff. · 34.8 x 25.9 cm · France · end of the 13th century
Estoire Del Graal (interpolated)

This manuscript produced at the end of the 13th century contains a copy of the Arthurian romance tales in prose: "Estoire del Graal", "Merlin", "Suite Merlin", "Queste del saint Graal", and "Mort le roi Artu". The interpolations used in CB 147 make it a particularly unusual manuscript: the heroes of the Arthurian tales are made to utter translations of the Gospels, Genesis, and various other biblical texts as well as sermons by Maurice de Sully. The manuscript also contains the "Faits de Romains", and a prose version of the "Roman de Troie" not found elsewhere. The plentiful illuminations are executed in a highly unusual style. (fmb)

Online Since: 07/25/2006

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 148
Paper · III + 220 + III ff. · 34 x 23.5 cm · France · 16th century
Sala (Pierre), Tristan

Tristan, written by Pierre Sala of Lyon in the years 1520-1528, derives from the medieval Italian tradition of the Tristan and Lancelot story cycles in prose about the knights of the round table. Stories about the idealized friendship between Tristan and Lancelot shift between the adventures of the knights of the round table and their romantic intrigues. A mere two manuscripts transmit this Renaissance work by Pierre Salas. The codex held by Fondation Bodmer is the dedication copy made for King Francis I of France. It is illustrated with twenty-six pen and aquarelle drawings. (fmb)

Online Since: 04/26/2007

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 149
Parchment · III + 64 + II ff. · 31.3 x 20.5 cm · France · 16th century
Diego de San Pedro, Carcel de amor

This manuscript contains François Dassy's French translation of Carcel de amor by Diego San Pedro (1437-1498). This translation is also based on Lelio Manfredi’s Italian translation, completed in 1513. Diego de San Pedro is a Spanish pre-Renaissance poet and storyteller; perhaps he was of Hebrew origin but converted to Christianity. Carcel de amor, one of his two best-known novellas, is a sentimental romance about the overcoming of passionate love through reason; it was first printed in Seville in 1492 and was translated into many languages. The manuscript is illustrated with 19 vignettes, most of which are surrounded by an architectural frame containing representations of figures in period clothing. This manuscript might have been created for Charles III de Bourbon-Montpensier (Charles de Bourbon) between 1521 and 1527 — his coat of arms is on f. 1v. Before becoming part of the Martin Bodmer collection, the manuscript was owned by the Demidow family, Count Alexis Golowkin and Sir Thomas Philipps. (ber)

Online Since: 12/17/2015

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 150
Parchment · III + 88 + III ff. · 23.4 x 16.5 cm · Southwestern Germany · end of the 13th / beginning of the 14th century
Schwabenspiegel

The Schwabenspiegel (mirror of the Swabians) contains a collection of national and feudal laws; during the late Middle Ages it was used in Southern Germany, but it was also widely used in Bohemia and in present-day Switzerland up to the German-French language border. The manuscript was edited in the second half of the 13th century and thus belongs to the oldest of altogether more than 350 textual witnesses. (ber)

Online Since: 12/18/2014

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 151
Paper · 192 ff. · 21.1 x 14.5 cm · bavarian-franconian region · 1402
Seifrit, Alexander

Manuscript CB 151, completed in November 1402 by the copyist Johannes Man de Creussen (cf. fol. 187), is one of the oldest texts of the "Alexander Romance" by Seifrits. On the last page a remedy for the plague is added in Latin in a later hand. (fmb)

Online Since: 03/25/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 154
Parchment · 124 ff. · 28.1 x 17.2 cm · Germany · 11th century and 15th century
Statius, Thebaid

A precursor to the rediscovery of Statius during the Renaissance of the 12th century this manuscript of the Thebaid (sometimes Thebiad) from the 11th century was certainly copied in Germany. It contains some marginal glosses that originate in part in the commentary of Lactance, and is distinguished above all by its neumes, which stand above the verses on fols. 46v, 80r and 81r. The notation indicates the rhythem of the text and underscore the importance of some passages that have a pathetic tone: the mourning of Hypsipyle over the body of the child Archemorus, the prayer of Tydeus shortly before death, the pain of Polyneikes before the body of Tydeus. (mes)

Online Since: 12/21/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 155
Parchment · 83 ff. · 26.3 x 19.2 cm · Southeast Germany · middle of the 14th century
Der Stricker, Short Poems · Rudolf von Ems, Parables from Barlaam and Josaphat (Nikolsburger Bispelhandschrift)

This 14th century manuscript produced in southern Germany contains 68 poems in rhyming couplets by the Stricker, followed by the parable "Barlaam and Josaphat" by Rudolf von Ems. (fmb)

Online Since: 12/20/2007

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 160
Paper · II + 247 + II ff. · 27.6 x 19.2 cm · France · 1469
History of Thebes and History of Troy

The Theban and Trojan sagas held an important place in the literature of the middle ages. The contents of manuscript CB 160, written in 1469 on paper by Jacotin de Lespluc (« escript par la main de Jacotin de Lespluc »), form part of this tradition. This codex contains a prose version of the "Historia trojana" by Guido delle Colonne and a history of Thebes that closely follows the "Histoire ancienne jusqu'à César". The ink wash drawings are very similar to those found in Ms. 9650-52 of the Königliche Bibliothek of Belgium. (fmb)

Online Since: 03/25/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 161
Parchment · 213 ff. · 35.6 x 25 cm · France, Paris · 1280
Thomas Aquinas, Summa theologica

"Even as it is better to enlighten than merely to shine, so is it better to give to others the fruits of one's contemplation than merely to contemplate." The greatest work of Thomas Aquinas, the Summa Theologica, is the emblematic work of Christian scholasticism. This work, written near the end of the life of the great Dominican is incomplete, as its compositon was broken off by the death of the author. Organized in the form of questions (quaestiones) and subdivided into articles, the work presents theology in an organic form. Manuscript CB161 was produced in France, certainly in Paris, only a short time after the philosopher's death; it has been preserved in its original binding. The inscription from the end of the 13th century which can be found on the lower portion of the back cover shows that the manuscript was deposited as collateral by Jean de Paris against the loan of another work. (mes)

Online Since: 12/21/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 162
Parchment · 252 ff. · 27.8 x 19.3 cm · Italy (Florence?) · 15th century (about 1460-1470?)
Thucydides, De bello Peloponensium

In his De bello Peloponensium, Thucydides fully achieves the work of a historian, as he shows the origins of the Peloponnesian War and then relates its events year by year with great exactitude. This parchment manuscript is extraordinarily beautiful in its illustrations, especially the two "putti" and the human figure in the center of one initial, wearing a blue suit of armor and holding a sword. The humanistic script, a slightly angular cursive, is the work of a single scribe. (jos)

Online Since: 06/02/2010

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 163
Parchment · 64 ff. · 27 x 14 cm · Florence · second half of the 15th century
Tibullus, Elegiae

This elegant codex, written in humanist cursive, contains the Elegiae by the Latin elegiac poet Tibullus; this text was not very widely distributed in the Middle Ages, but was rediscovered by Italian humanists at the end of the 14th century. The manuscript was written and illuminated in Florence, perhaps for Braccio, a member of the Martelli family, who had his coat of arms added to the title page. Later the manuscript passed into the hands of the Medici family of Florence; they had their coat of arms painted on the front pastedown. In 1968 Martin Bodmer purchased the manuscript from the collection of Thomas Phillipps. (ber)

Online Since: 06/25/2015

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 164
Parchment · 655 ff. · 31 x 25.5 cm · beginning of the 14th century
Prose Tristan

At least three scribes shared the work of copying this imposing manuscripts of over 650 leaves in the early years of the 14th century. The Roman de Tristan en prose that it contains, a revised version of the myth of Tristan in the style of Lancelot en prose, is however, incomplete at both the beginning and the end. This work, originally written at the beginning of the 13th century, was repeatedly reproduced during the middle ages; it is found in over 80 manuscripts, which transmit at least four different versions. (mes)

Online Since: 12/21/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 165
Parchment · 54 ff. · 25.8 x 16.4 cm · France · 12th century
Vergilius, Aeneis (I-VI)

This 12th century French manuscript contains the first six books of Virgil’s Aeneid, along with the Argumenta attributed to Pseudo-Ovid. Among the famous previous owners of this codex is Charles de Montesquieu (1689-1755), whose ex-libris is on f. 1r. Later the manuscript was owned by Sir Thomas Philipps, from whom Martin Bodmer purchased it for his collection. (ber)

Online Since: 12/17/2015

Documents: 1947, displayed: 381 - 400