Documents: 61, displayed: 21 - 40

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek

The Benedictine Abbey of Engelberg was founded in 1120; its library’s collection of manuscripts, incunabula, and historical and modern books has continually grown since that time. The library holds a total of about 135,000 volumes; of its 1,000 manuscripts, about 270 are medieval. The cornerstone for the library was laid under Abbot Frowin (1147-1178) and his successors Berchtold (1178-1197) and Heinrich (1197-1223). Frowin commissioned at least 34 manuscripts. In addition to the obligatory Church Fathers, then-modern authors such as Hugh of Saint Victor and Bernard of Clairvaux were also included. In the 14th century, the manuscript library experienced a late blossoming with texts about prayer and mysticism. The library’s earliest printed works are a two volume German Bible printed by Heinrich Eggestein in Strasbourg in 1470 at the latest, and the Mammotrectus super bibliam by Johannes Marchenius, printed by Helyas Helyae in Beromünster in 1470.

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 43
Parchment · 32 ff. · 29 x 19 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1197
Liber evangeliorum pro festis solemnioribus

Thin evangelistary, consisting of only 32 parchment leaves containing 27 pericopes. The very carefully produced codex, which has only a leather binding, is decorated with artistic initials in red and black ink. Although it is not dated, based on the script and decoration the codex can be assigned to the abbots Frowin (1143-1178) and Berchtold (1178-1197). (grd)

Online Since: 12/17/2015

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 44
Parchment · 121 ff. · 28.5 x 18.3 cm · first half of the 13th century
Sermons, martyrology, Euangelium Nicodemi and related texts

The manuscript contains two collections of sermons (one of which is the Homiliary of Angers, the other unidentified), several individual sermons and a martyrology. It also contains (usually in part and/or with omissions) the Euangelium Nicodemi, Pseudo-Matthaei Euangelium, the Liber de lapidibus of Marbod of Rennes, the Elucidarium of Honorius Augustodunensis, De Antichristo of Adso of Montier-en-Der, the Breuarium apostolorum, and extracted sententiae. (con)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 46
Parchment · 389 pp. · 26.7 x 19.5 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Frowin, De laude liberi arbitrii libri septem

Tract by the Engelberg Abbot Frowin (1143-1178) about free will, the De laude liberi arbitrii libri septem, from the 12th century. This as-yet unedited work is regarded as an important contribution from the perspective of monastic theology during the early scholastic period. (keg)

Online Since: 07/31/2007

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 47
Parchment · 135 ff. · 28 x 20.4 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Omiliae lectionum sancti evangelii Venerabilis Bedae presbiteri numero quinquaginta

This manuscript contains the Venerable Bede's homilies on the Gospels, which are listed in a chapter-index on 2r-vv and 65v-66r. A full-page colour illumination on 1v shows the author writing this work, framed by the attributes of the Evangelists. Rubricated initials, incipits and explicits divide the text, itself prepared in a light- to dark-brown ink; at the beginning, when the name of Mary, the patron-saint of the monastery of Engelberg, appears in the text, it is slightly emphasized through the use of majuscule or rubrication. 3r and 11v contain large multicolour decorative initials. Holes and tears in the parchment have been mended in a particularly artistic manner. On 1r a two-line verse states that the copy was made during the abbacy of Frowin (1143-1178). (grd)

Online Since: 06/09/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 48
Parchment · 128 ff. · 28.5 x 19.5 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Expositio S. Hieronymi Matheum et Marcum

This Codex contains Jerome's exposition of the Gospels of Matthew (1v-103r) and Mark (103v-128v). It has little decoration, but it has two elaborate, polychromatic initials (5r, 103v). The text, copied in black and dark-brown ink, contains multiple changes of hand. Text divisions such as incipit and explicit, pargraphs and chapter indications are executed in red ink, and one time figuratively decorated (51v). The two-line verse inscription on 1r attests that the codex was produced under Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178). (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 49
Parchment · 119 ff. · 27.8 x 20.8 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Sancti Hieronymi Hebraicarum Quaestiones

According to the two-line poem on 1r, this manuscript was produced under Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178). It contains simple red initials, and rarely small, polychromatic initials decorated with bulb motifs (2r, 25v, 41r, 54r, 62v). As is typical for the volumes from Frowin's library, the text is rendered throughout in black-brown ink by a regular hand and the incipits to each book are rubricated. At times the capitals are slightly bigger or accentuated with red ink. The last two-thirds of 119 has been excised. (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 52
Parchment · 76 ff. · 26.8 x 18.4 cm · late 11th century
Handbook of canon law

Engelberg 52 is a late eleventh-century handbook of canon law from the circle of Bernold of Constance († 1100), an ardent champion of Pope Gregory VII. It comprises various canonistic compilations: the 'Collection in Seventy-Four Titles' (Collectio 74 titulorum with the so-called 'Swabian Appendix' (Appendix svevica; two short collections 'On Churches' (De ecclesiis) and 'On Illicit Unions' (De illicitis coniunctionibus); the Pseudo-Gelasian decretal 'On Books to be Received and not to be Received' (De libris recipiendis et non recipiendis); the 'Canons of the Four Principal Councils' prefaced by 'Adnotation I' (Adnotatio I; and the Epitome Hadriani prefaced by 'Adnotation II' (Adnotatio II). All of these items can also be found in two closely related manuscripts (St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 676‬‬, and Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek, HB.VI.107); but several appear here in shorter, possibly less developed forms. Prefixed to the whole is a catalogue of popes extending from Peter I to Leo IX with the addition of Victor II. Though it acknowledges Henry III’s role in the appointment of four popes (from Clement II to Victor II), it was possibly the source of the papal catalogue that Bernold attached to his Chronicle (Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm 432, fols. 10r12r). (hay)

Online Since: 03/17/2016

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 56
Parchment · 194 ff. · 26 x 18 cm · Engelberg · 12th century
Ivonis Carnotensis episcopi Panormia

This manuscript contains the Panormia of Ivo of Chartres, a collection of texts on canon law in 8 books with 1038 chapters. Ivo, bishop of Chartres and reformer, first wrote this work after 1095, but it spread extremely fast thanks to its user-friendly nature. The text, in light- and dark-brown ink, was produced by at least two hands. According to the tradition of the Engelberg scriptorium in the twelfth century, the chapter beginnings and summaries are accentuated in red ink, which in the case of Ivo's work provides exceptionally rich rubrication. Numerous marginal notes appear outside the blocks of text. (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 64
Parchment · 145 ff. · 25 x 17.2 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Ambrosii episcopi Hexaemeron

This codex contains Saint Ambrose's Hexaemeron. A two-line poem on 1r by Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178) dedicates this volume (with its title) to the monastery's patron saint Mary, mother of God. Beneath the dedication, the same hand has written a six-line poem, which likewise makes reference to the contents. A small decorative initial in blue, green, and red ink, as is typical of the library of Frowin, introduces the first book. The remaining books are divided with more simple, red initials. The text and marginal notes, in a dark-brown (and in a few places light brown) ink come from the same hand, a hand with a strikingly clean and balanced appearance. (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 65
Parchment · 136 ff. · 23.6 x 16.4 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Tractatus sancti Ambrosii episcopi de officiis

The manuscript contains Ambrose's treatise De officiis. A list of chapters (1r-3r, 65v-67r, 103v-104v) precedes each of the three books. The first two books are introduced by an artistic tendrilated initial on a dark-brown (3v) or red (67r) background. Rubricated lines and initials divide the rest of the text. The dedicatory poem on 1r, in capitals filling two lines attests that the text is an offering of Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178) to the monastery's patron saint Mary. (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 67
Parchment · 106 ff. · 24.5 x 14.5 cm · Engelberg · 1197-1223
Commenta Julii Solini sive Grammatici

Codex 67 contains De mirabilibus mundi, a collection of curiosities by the grammarian Julius Solinus from late antiquity; the texts are also known by the titles Polyhistor and Collectanea rerum memorabilium. The text is written in a uniform script and is decorated with titles and initials, some of which are adorned with filigree (e.g., 2r and 6r), in red ink. Holes and tears in the parchment have been artfully stitched up with colorful threads (e.g., 23-25, 34, 62). According to the dedicatory poem on 1v, this copy was produced under Abbot Heinrich von Buochs (1197-1223). (grd)

Online Since: 12/13/2013

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 68
Parchment · 95 ff. · 24 x 17 cm · Engelberg · 1178-1197
Claudianus Mamertus, De statu animae libri tres

This codex contains on 6r-95v the three books "On the status of the soul" by the French theologian Claudianus Mamertus (ca. 425-ca. 475), an apologetic treatise on the incorporeity of the soul, written to oppose a writing by bishop Faustus von Reji (3r-6r). Initials by the so-called Engelberg Master appear at the beginning of the prologue and of each of the three books (3r, 6r, 7v, 48v, 77v). The marginal notes are often framed in red, and some of the capitals are in red. An ownership note on the back of the flyleaf ascribes the volume to Abbot Berchtold of Engelberg (1178-1197). (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 72
Parchment · 72 ff. · 24.5 x 16.2 cm · Engelberg · 1250-1276
Benedictus s. abbas. Regula lat. germanica

This codex contains the Benedictine Rule. A German translation follows each Latin chapter. The different sections are to varying degrees distinguished from each other through simply decorated initials in red ink, and the Latin text appears in a slightly thicker script. According to a Latin (1r) and a German (72r) dedicatory verse, the manuscript was produced under Abbot Walther (Walther I. of Iberg, 1250-1267, or Walther II. of Cham, 1267-1276). (grd)

Online Since: 06/09/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 76
Parchment · 124 ff. · 27.4 x 18.8 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Expositio S. Hieronymi duodecim prophetarum

This manuscript contains Jerome’s exposition of the twelve prophetic books. Each prophet is colorfully depicted in a historiated initial at the beginning of his book. The name of the prophet under discussion appears in red ink in the top margin of every other two-page spread. Small, colourful decorated initials sometimes introduce new paragraphs in the prologues. Except for the prologues, the pages are laid out in three columns: the middle column contains the biblical text, the left and right columns provide, in a smaller script, the exposition. A two-line verse dedication on 1r ascribes the codex to the library of Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178). (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 87
Parchment · 95 ff. · 22.6 x 15.4 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Aurelii Augustini De doctrina christiana libri quatuor

The manuscript contains the four books of Augustine's On Christian Doctrine. An artistically decorated initial in red, black and green ink, followed by a line in decorative capitals, appears at the beginning of the proemium (2r), as well as of the first (5r) and fourth books (64v). The second and third book are divided by a simpler red decorative initial and a first line that has been accentuated in red ink. The appearance of the script, in a black-brown ink, is clean and balanced; the first change in hand appears in a collection of opinions of the Church fathers that has been added (probably later) on 94r-95r. On 1r a two-line dedicatory verse names Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178) as having commissioned the work. (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 88
Parchment · 106 ff. · 28.8 x 15.8 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Aurelii Augustini de sermone domini in monte secundum Matthaeum libri duo

This volume is a copy of Augustine's commentary on the Sermon on the Mount. After the list of chapters (1r-1v) follows the Retractatio sancti Augustini de sermone domini in monte (1v-5r). Both books of the main text are introduced by a colorful decorated initial (5r, 55r). The black-brown ink script appears uniform and balanced. On the recto of the front flyleaf a two-line poem names Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178) as having commissioned the volume. (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 89
Parchment · 111 ff. · 20.5 x 14 cm · Engelberg · 9th century; 12th century
De gratia et libero arbitrio Aurelii Augustini et Bernardi Claraevallensis

This codex begins with works of Augustine: 1r-27v Liber de gratia et libero arbitrio, 28r-63r letters from and to Augustine De praedestinatione and 63r-93r Liber secundus de dono perseverentiae. Then follows the Tractatus de gratia et libero arbitrio first produced by the Cistercian Abbot Bernard of Clairvaux in 1127. Folios 1-80 are palimpsests. The book's decoration limits itself to rather awkward red decorated initials and first lines at the beginning of each book, red-accentuated capitals and a pen drawing on 93r. On 111r there appears, as in Cod. 138 a later note of ownership, in a hand that resembles that of Cod. 90. (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 90
Parchment · 166 ff. · 20.5 x 14.2 cm · Engelberg · 12th century
Hugo de S. Victoris, De sacramentis fidei christianae

The bulk of this codex contains Hugh of Saint Victor's De sacramentis fidei christianae (10r-147r). Preceding it are two short treatises on the Antichrist (Ps.-Augustine 1r-6v and Peter Damian 6v-10r), and after it comes a collection of opinions of and excerpts from Hrabanus Maurus' De universo. With very few exceptions, 1-44 are palimpsests. The pages towards the end have many large holes and tears or are partially excised; one folio, between 10 and 11r, is missing entirely. The writing is characterized by several changes of ink and hand, and the page ruling is not uniform. Except for simple red and black initials and rubricated lines, there is no book decoration whatsoever. A pair of marginal notes appear on 112v. Although the codex contains no univocal indication that it was produced in Engelberg, a few similarities with the volumes produced under Abbot Frowin (1143-1178) suggest it. (grd)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 102
Parchment · 151 ff. · 22 x 15.5 cm · Engelberg? · 12th century
Directorium cantus

Codex 102 is a twelfth century hymnbook with neumes. The chants are written in two columns and are generously rubricated. Ff. 3v-11v contain a calendar of saints and tables about the liturgical year; ff. 1r-3r and 141v-151v also contain neumed chants written by various predominantly later hands. Recorded as a note on 3r is a dedicatory poem that is found in numerous manuscripts produced under Abbot Frowin (1143-1178). (grd)

Online Since: 12/13/2013

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Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 103
Parchment · 200 ff. · 20.8 x 12.6 cm · Rhineland Benedictine monastery possibly Sponheim (or Disibodenberg) · first third of the 13th century
Breviarium antiquissimum (Major sections: Lectionary, Litany, Neumed Antiphoner, Partial Hymnary, Calendar of Saints, Capitulary, Collectar)

A composite manuscript containing text and music for the celebration of the Benedictine office, including a fully neumed (non-diastemmatic) antiphoner. Local saints' feasts (Disibod, Afra, Alban) and the extensive repertory for Martin help to establish its probable provenance. (fly)

Online Since: 12/21/2010

Documents: 61, displayed: 21 - 40