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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer

The Fondation Martin Bodmer is one of the most important private libraries in the world. It seeks to reflect the “adventure of the human spirit” since the beginning of writing; in this it follows the example of its founder Martin Bodmer, who sought to set up a “library of world literature.” The collection comprises about 160,000 items, hundreds of Western and Eastern manuscripts, Egyptian Books of the Dead, 270 incunabula including a rare exemplar of the Gutenberg Bible, autographs by Goethe, Einstein and Mozart...

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 1
Parchment · IV + 133 + II ff. · 25.0 x 17.6 cm · end of the 13th century
Adenet le Roi, Cleomadés

Cleomadés, a poem in octosyllabic verse, is considered the masterpiece of the 13th century French poet Adenes le Roi. He lived at the courts of Brabant, France, and Flanders and composed various chansons de geste and courtly romances. (ber)

Online Since: 04/09/2014

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 3
Paper · 55 ff. · 21 x 14.3 cm · end of the 15th century
Aeschylus, Persae

The prolific poet Aeschylus dominates the history of Greek tragedy. His artistry reaches its high-point in the writing of Persae (5th century BC). This piece, which has served to pass on its author's name for posterity, is his oldest known surviving work. (jos)

Online Since: 06/02/2010

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 4
Paper · II + 23 + I ff. · 21.7 x 15.4 cm · Italy · 14th century
Gualterus Anglicus, Fabulae

Manuscript from Italy with the widely disseminated and successful collection of Medieval Latin fables in elegiac couplets called Esopus. These were initially anonymously published in 1610 by Isaac Nevelet and were therefore attributed to the Anonymus Neveleti. The editor Léopold Hervieux in 1884 attributed them to a Gualterus Anglicus, who lived in Palermo during the 12th century. However, this attribution has in recent years been called into question by various specialists. The fables have as their protagonists various animals and end with a moral in the form of a couplet. (ber)

Online Since: 12/13/2013

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 5
Paper · 96 ff. · 21.0 x 15.4/15.6 cm · about 1491
Aesopus, Fabulae, Epigrammata et proverbia, Oraculum sibyllinum · Ps. Pythagoras, Carmen aureum, Praecepta delphica · Phocylides, Sententiae · Aristophanes, Nubes, Vita Aristophanis, Hypothesis in Aritophanis Plutum

Although the Aesopian tradition enjoyed great popularity during the middle ages, thanks to the dissemination of Latin translations, the Greek text of the fabulist was first rediscovered during the Renaissance. CB 5, which was written on paper near the end of the 15th century, is a collection of some 150 fables ascribed to the poet, which served as an inspiration for La Fontaine. Following are, among other things, the Delphic prophecies of Pseudo-Pythagoras, which transmit the well-known aphorism "Know thyself!", and The Clouds, the comedy that made the Athenian writer Aristophanes famous. (jos)

Online Since: 11/04/2010

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 6
Parchment · 48 ff. · 28.8 x 18 cm · England? · 14th-15th century
Historia de preliis Alexandri Magni

The Historiae de preliis Alexandri Magni forms a part of the vast body of Latin literature devoted to Alexander the Great during the middle ages in the occident. This manuscript, written on parchment during the 14th or 15th century (perhaps around 1400), is most likely of English origin, judging by its extremely rounded Gothic script. The titles are rubricated, and contemporaneous glosses and corrections have been added in the margins. (jos)

Online Since: 04/15/2010

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 7
Parchment · 59 ff. · 20.8 x 14.2 cm · Italy, Naples · 15th century
Genus Arati

This Latin manuscript on astronomical topics includes works by Germanicus, Pliny the Elder and Hyginus. The codex features numerous pen and ink drawings, including a planisphere (rotatable star chart) consisting of five golden concentric circles containing constellations portrayed as people or animals. These drawings, dating from the 15th century, have been attributed to Antonio di Mario of the Neapolitan region. (fmb)

Online Since: 07/31/2007

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 8
Paper · 247 ff. · 33.0 x 22.4 cm · about 1541
Archimedes, Opera . Eutocius, Commentarii in Archimeden . Hero Alexandrinus, De mensuris

Multiple treatises by Archimedes are brought together in Codex Bodmer 8, notably On the Sphere and Cylinder and The quadrature of the Parabola. This manuscript, which was written in about 1541 on paper, also includes commentaries on the work of the celebrated mathematician by the geometer Eutocius, followed by a treatise on instruments of measurement by Heron of Alexandria. (jos)

Online Since: 06/02/2010

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 9
Parchment · I + 81 ff. · 19.8 x 12.3 cm · [France] · 11th/12th century / 12th century
Aristoteles, Categoriae uel Praedicamenta; De interpretatione uel Periermenias . Boethius, Commentarius in Aristotelis Categorias

During the entire middle ages in the occident, the texts of Aristotle and Boethius were well circulated and inspired a large number of thinkers. These two great philosophers are brought together in this volume, written in a variety of different hands. The first portion, which can be dated sometime in the 11th or 12th century, contains the works of Aristotle. It also includes an extremely interesting schema (fol. 27) and initials accented in green and decorated with scrollwork. The text of Boethius, which is dated somewhat later, was copied during the 12th century. In this text one also finds some contemporaneous corrections as well as glosses from the 14th century. (jos)

Online Since: 06/02/2010

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 10
Parchment · 251 ff. · 26.6 x 19.3 cm · France · 13th century
Aristoteles, Opera; Avicenna, De congelatione seu De mineralibus; Nicolaus Damasceus, De plantis; Costa-Ben-Luca, De differentia spiritus et animae; Alexander Aphrodisiensis, Opera

Manuscript CB 10 was probably intended for educational use, it contains works of Aristotle, Avicenna, Nicolaus Damascenus, Qusta Ibn-Luca and Alexander Aphrodisiensis. This manuscript, written on parchment during the 13th century, presumably belonged to a student of the Faculty of Arts in Leipzig, as may be concluded from a list of lectures attended during the year 1439 which is included in the codex. The list contains the names of the professors, titles of the texts covered, lecturers' fees, and starting and ending dates for the lecture periods. (fmb)

Online Since: 12/20/2007

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 11
Parchment · 80 ff. · 26.3 x 18.0 cm · 13th century
Chanson d’Aspremont

The Estoire de la guerre sainte, attributed to Ambroise d’Evreux, informs us that the Chanson d’Aspremont was read aloud during the winter of 1190 to entertain the soldiers of Richard the Lionhearted and Philip Augustus, who were stationed in Sicily. This heroic epic (chanson de geste) in rhymed decimeter and Alexandrines tells of the campaign of Charlemagne in Italy against the pagan king Agolant and his son Helmont. The Anglo-Norman manuscript held by the Fondation Martin Bodmer was produced in the 13th century and contains interlinear and marginal corrections, added in a second hand at a slightly later date than that in which the text was written. Because the additions were doubtless made with the help of a proofing manuscript, we can thus measure the complex effort that was required for the dissemination of this text. (mes)

Online Since: 10/04/2011

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 12
Parchment · I + 319 ff. · 33.5 x 25 cm · Italy (Florence?) · beginning of the 15th century
Augustinus, De civitate Dei, Italian translation attributed to Jacopo Passavanti (?)

There is only a single medieval Italian translation of Augustine’s De civitate Dei (City of God), an impressive apologetic work in twenty-two books; the translation was prepared at the end of the 14th or the beginning of the 15th century. It is usually attributed to the Florentine Dominican Jacopo Passavanti (ca. 1302 – 1357); however, this attribution is without basis. The frontispiece of this manuscript is richly decorated with foliage in all four margins and initials with vine scroll ornamentation at the beginning of each book. (ber)

Online Since: 12/17/2015

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 13
Parchment · 144 ff. · 26.5 x 17.5 cm · France · 12th century
Augustinus, Enarrationes in Psalmos . Hugo de Sancto Victore, De meditatione

This French manuscript, probably incomplete, contains the commentary on the Psalms (Ps. 101-117, f. 1r-110v and 113r-136v) by Augustine of Hippo. De meditatione by Hugh of Saint Victor was inserted between Ps. 108 (f. 110v) and Ps. 109 (f. 113v). This manuscript probably comes from the manuscript collection of Hautecombe Abbey in Savoy, which was acquired by Archbishop Giacinto della Torre of Turin (1747-1814) for thearchdiocese’s seminary library, which was later dispersed. The manuscript was acquired in 1957 from the book dealer Hoepli in Milan by Martin Bodmer. (ber)

Online Since: 06/23/2014

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 14
Parchment · 263 ff. · 43.5 x 27.2 cm · Italy, Bologna (?) · 14th century
Hazo Bononiensis . Hugolinus Bononiensis . Iohannes Bassianus . Placentinus

This Latin parchment manuscript from the 14th century contains a comprehensive commentary by jurists of Bologna on the "Corpus Iuris Civilis" as well as on others, such as the "Codex Justinianus" and the "Digests". (fmb)

Online Since: 07/31/2007

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 16
Parchment · 113 ff. · 30.0 x 20.5 cm · Germany (Gladbach Abbey?) · 12th century
Beda Venerabilis, In Marci Evangelium Expositio

This manuscript was created in the German area in the 12th century. It contains the Venerable Bede’s († 735) commentary on the Gospel of Mark. The codex belongs to the libray of the Benedictine Abbey of Gladbach near Cologne. (ber)

Online Since: 10/07/2013

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 17
Parchment · 4 ff. · 13.9 x 9.7 cm · first half of the 13th century
Benedeit, The Voyage of Saint Brendan

Four fragments of parchment, separated from a binding, contain parts of the account of the so-called Navigatio sancti Brandani, the sea voyage of St. Brendan, an Irish monk of the fifth and sixth centuries. The work in Latin prose, handed down anonymously, is considered a classic of medieval hagiography and travel literature; since the 10th century, it has been preserved in numerous manuscripts. This version is an Anglo-Norman translation by the monk Benedeit (about 1120). (ber)

Online Since: 12/13/2013

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 18
Parchment · II + 268 + II ff. · 30.0 x 20.0 cm · Abbey of Tongerloo, Diocese of Cambrai, Deanery of Antwerp · end of the 13th century
Benoît de Sainte-More: Roman de Troie, Thèbes (Roman de)

In the middle of the 12th century the Latin works of Statius and Virgil as well as adaptations of Homer were translated into the vernacular. At the same time these Latin texts were being brought into the "romance" language (French), the first examples of the French poetic form called the "Roman" or Romance were being written. CB 18, a parchment manuscript, contains two such works, the "Roman de Troie" by Benoît de Sainte-Maure and the anonymously authored "Roman de Thèbes". (fmb)

Online Since: 03/25/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 19
Parchment · 66 ff. · 10.6 x 8.0 cm · Cistercian Abbey of Maulbronn (Diocese of Speyer, Württemberg) · 1480
Pseudo-Bernard of Clairvaux

This manuscript, produced in 1480 at the Cistercian Abbey of Maulbronn (Diocese of Speyer, Württemberg, cf. f. 44r), contains texts written by Ekbert of Schönau, the brother of St. Elizabeth of Schönau, as well as prayers to Mary written in another hand. (fmb)

Online Since: 03/25/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 21
Parchment · 347 ff. · 28 x 23.5 cm · Spain (?) · 13th century
Tanach/Hebrew Bible

The Hebrew text of the Old Testament in CB 21 originated in Moorish Spain: Al-Andalus. Unlike most similar surviving manuscripts, it does not belong to the Ashkenazic tradition, but is instead an artifact of the Sephardic book culture of the 13th century. The ornamentation is strongly influenced by calligraphic art. (fmb)

Online Since: 07/31/2007

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 25
Parchment · (2) 196+23 bis (2) ff. · 31.9 x 24.8 cm · Constantinople / Smyrna · end of the 10th century
Tetraevangelium

A remarkable manuscript from the end of the 10th century, undoubtedly produced in either Constantinople or Smyrna, CB 25 presents all four Gospels together in Greek. The biblical text is accompanied by commentaries by Peter of Laodiceia (an exegetical chain) written in cursive. The volume is decorated with two valuable full-page miniatures representing Luke and Mark against gold backgrounds. (mes)

Online Since: 12/21/2009

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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 28
Parchment · 416 ff. · 35.7 x 25 cm · Northern France (?) · 13th century
Latin Bible

Copied in the 13th century, probably in the north of France, this Latin Bible unifies in one volume the books of the Old- and New Testaments, most of them preceded by prologues. It transmits the standard Vulgate text, called the Paris version, with the chapter divisions attributed to Stephen Langton, and its last thirty pages provide a glossary of Hebrew names. Historiated initials open the various biblical books and give the volume its structure. A smaller script than usual in this volume has been used on fol. 1 for the Commentary on the Tree of Consanguinity, a text usually transmitted in juridical works, augmented here by an illustration of such a tree. (mes)

Online Since: 12/21/2009

Documents: 167, displayed: -19 - 0