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Sub-project Manuscripts
Autographs of Jean-Jacques Rousseau2
Codices Fuldenses Helvetiae3
Swiss Illustrated Chronicles7
Digitization of the Antiphonaries of the Chapter of St. Nicolas, Fribourg8
St. Gall's Treasure Trove of Monuments to the Old High German Language13
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Frowin's Library40
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Virtual Manuscript Library of Switzerland100
Mellon 2011-2012100
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Center of Competence for Swiss manuscripts and digital manuscript research130
The Virtual Abbey Library of St. Gall212

Sub-project: Frowin's Library

May 2011 - June 2012
Status: completed
Financed by: Stavros Niarchos Foundation (www.snf.org)
Description: The continued support of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation has made possible the digitalization and the presentation on e-codices of 40 manuscripts produced under Abbot Frowin in the early years of the monastery of Engelberg (Canton of Obwalden). In terms of its nature and completeness, this collection is unique in Switzerland; indeed, it shows how, in the High Middle Ages, a conventual library collection was planned and built up. The roughly 40 codices preserved that are "Frowinian", that is, manuscripts produced at the time of his abbacy and plainly under his direction, include numerous works of the Church Fathers Augustine, Ambrose, Jerome, Gregory, rounded out with works by Orosius, Isidore of Seville, Paschasius Radbert and the Venerable Bede, as well as Biblical manuscripts of exceptional artistic quality. In addition to these works, there are also a large number of contemporary writings, including those by authors such as Hugh of Saint Victor and Bernard of Clairvaux, as well as a collection of texts pertaining to the eleventh-century controversy over the Eucharist. Frowin evidently studied all these works carefully and used them in his own writings.

Number of manuscripts: 40, displayed: 1 – 20

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 2

Parchment · 264 ff. · 43.6 x 31.0 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1197

Vitae sanctorum et passionum martyrum. Pars aestivalis

This codex contains over a hundred lives of the saints and acts of the martyrs, most of them accompanied by rubricated initials and incipits. Aside from a few decorated initials, also red, there is no book decoration. The layout of the manuscript and the careful preparation of the parchment with artful colored needlework express the tradition of the scriptorium under Abbot Frowin (1143-1178). The staid script in black ink, often interrupted by another finer hand, sets this volume apart from the others from Frowin’s library; it is therefore also possible that this codex was made under Frowin’s successor, Berchtold (1178-1197). (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 3

Parchment · 281 ff. · 44.0 x 31.7 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Biblia latina vulgatae versionis cum prologis

This first part of the three-volume Engelberg Bible (together with Cod. 4 and Cod. 5) contains the Pentatuch and the books of the Prophets. The captioned pen sketch with verse of dedication on fol. 1v portrays Abbot Frowin (1143-1178) presenting the codex to Mary, the patroness of the Cloister. This large-format volume was, according to the colophon on 281v, written by Richene, the only scribe from Frowin’s time that we know by name. The careful preparation of the parchment with decorative needlework and the staid style of script and initials in limited colors are characteristic of the recognizable works of Frowin’s library. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 4

Parchment · 213 ff. · 38.0 x 28.0 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Biblia latina vulgatae versionis cum prologis

This second volume of the three-part Engelberger Bible contains the books of the Old Testament remaining after Cod. 3. On 1v, the codex is dedicated in verse by Abbot Frowin (1143-1178) to Mary, the patron saint of the monastery. The codex’s structure and organization reflect the simple but elegant style of Frowin’s library. The colophon on 213r identifies the copyist as Richene, whose hand is also responsible for the other two volumes of the Engelberger Bible (Cod. 3 and Cod. 5); the illuminations and titles are the work of the so-called Engelberger Master. 69v contains a full-page colour depiction of Christ and the Church. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 5

Parchment · 199 ff. · 38.0 x 28.0 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Biblia latina vulgatae versionis cum prologis

This third volume of the three-part Engelberg Bible contains the New Testament. The codex originally consisted of 204 folios. On one of the leaves that have been cut out, now cataloged as D 126 at the Stiftsarchiv Engelberg, a five-line verse identifies the scribe as Richene, who also completed the volumes containing the Old Testament (Cod. 3 and Cod. 4). Abbot Frowin (1143-1178) and his scribe Richene are also shown in a full-page illustration on 1r. Also portrayed at full-page size are the Evangelists with their attributes, each labeled with a descriptive verse (108v, 134v, 153v, 181r). On 103r through 105v are canonical tables. The manuscript contains some incomplete initials, spaces reserved for decorations, and completely empty pages. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 12

Parchment · 155 ff. · 40.8 x 29.5 · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Augustinus, Enarrationes in psalmos

This codex contains Augustine’s commentary on the Psalms, written in a small, extremely fine script. The verse on 1r names Abbot Frowin (1143-1178) as creator of the volume. In addition to simple red initials, the manuscript also includes individual extremely artful initials by the Engelberg Master in brown and red ink. The portrayal of Christ as grape-treader on 101r is particularly noteworthy; like several other sections, it is on a erased section. Beside and beneath the attachments one occasionally finds fine sketches for initials, designs, or figures. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 13

Parchment · 187 ff. · 40.5 x 29.2 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Augustinus, Expositio super tertiam partem psalmorum

The scriptorium of Engelberg made this codex containing Augustine's commentary on the Psalms, along with a whole series of works of the Church Fathers (Cod. 12-18, 87-88 und 138). A two-line poem on 1r shows that the codex came to be during the time of Abbot Frowin (1143-1178). The text is written in a small, careful and clean script. The codex contains scattered figure initials with vinescrolls and bulb motifs typical of Frowin's time. Otherwise, lightly decorated initials in red ink divide the text. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 14

Parchment · 187 ff. · 38.5 x 24.2 cm · Engelberg · 1178-1223

Augustinus S. Aurelius. De Trinitate libri quindecim, praemissa epistola ad Aurelium

This manuscript contains the 15 books of St. Augustine's On the Trinity. On 1v, under the Capitula a pen-drawing depicts Augustine with his three adversaries. The codex has been decorated in a particularly artistic manner by the so-called Engelberg Master. A large initial with figurative motifs in red-brown and blank ink begins each book; in the text that follows, intermediate initials are smaller, monochromatically red, and richly ornamented. In verse on 1r, the copyist describes in detail the circumstances of the production of the volume: it was begun under Abbot Berchtold of Engelberg (1178-1197), who died shortly after the copying was underway; his successor Heinrich (1197-1223) supervised the completion of the work. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 15

Parchment · 200 ff. · 38.2 x 27.8 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Augustinus, Expositio super Johannem evangelista

This codex contains Augustine's exposition on the Gospel of John. According to the dedicatory poem on 1r the manuscript was produced under Abbot Frowin (1143-1178) of Engelberg. The layout, script and illustration – a few initials with vinescroll- and bulb patterns (2v, 5v, 136v) alternate with more simple rubricated capitals in dividing the sections – are closely related to Cod. 13. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 16

Parchment · 221 ff. · 32.5 x 22.8 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Augustinus, Sermones ad populum diversi

This manuscript contains sermons of the Church father Augustine. On 1r, Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178) dedicates the codex in verse to the Virgin Mary, the monastery's patron saint. An index on 1v-3r lists the sermons contains in the manuscript. Half of the last folio (221) has been cut out, on the back paste-down, the copyist tested his pen (probacio penne). As with most volumes from Frowin's library, tears and holes in the parchment are carefully stitched up. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 17

Parchment · 145 ff. · 32.0 x 22.8 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1197

Augustinus, De Civitate Dei contra paganos

This codex contains Augustine's City of God. The manuscript was probably begun under Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178) and completed and decorated under his successor Berchtold (1178-1197). The last folio is cut out; it may have had dedicatory verse on it, as was the practice for the Engelberg scriptorium under Frowin and Berchthold. Some of the initials have been erased and reworked. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 18

Parchment · 123 ff. · 31.2 x 22.0 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1197

Confessionum Aurelii Augustini libri tredecim

This codex contains the St. Augustine's Confessions. A two-line poem above the Capitulum on 1r attests that the copying was begun under Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178). It is adorned with two figurated initials (1v and 60v) and decorative initials in red ink. Seven rhymed distichs in the hand of the so-called Engelberg Master appear on 123v and these refer to the defense by Frowin's successor Berchtold (1178-1197) against the falsa et damnanda compilatio abbatis Burchardi in turtal. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 19

Parchment · 144 ff. · 32.3 x 23.8 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Homiliae S. Gregorii papae super Ezechielem prophetam

This manuscript contains on 3v-142v the homilies of Gregory the Great on the prophet Ezechiel. On 1v-3r, in the same hand, appears the tam veteris quam novi testamenti testominia; on 143r-144r follows a short treatise on Grammar written in a different, slightly later hand; the bottom part of 144 has been cut out. On 4r, a line above the text attributes the volume to Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178). Places where the parchment has been damaged have been carefully mended with different-coloured thread. Two of the decorative initials appear against a coloured background, in accordance with the later Engelberg style (24v and 76v). A few marginal notes are written in a later hand. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 20

Parchment · 193 ff. · 31.5 x 23.0 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Gregorius M., Moralia in Job, t. I

This codex contains the first of four volumes of the Book of Job by Gregory the Great. The subsequent three volumes are in codices 21, 22 and 23. The first volume encompasses the parts one (ff. 6r-99r) and two (99r-193v), each divided into five books. At the front of the volume there was originally a full-page illustration consisting of an artistic portrayal of Job with his three friends (upper half) and a portrayal of Gregory the Great and a monk writing (lower half). On the back, the actual recto side, is a Leonine verse couplet of dedication to Frowin. This leaf was carefully described by P. Karl Stadler in his hand-written catalog of 1787, which helped to identify the membrum disiectum, which is now held by the The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1955.74 (Purchase from the J.H. Wade Fund), as belonging to this volume. (flu)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 21

Parchment · 94 ff. · 32.0 x 22.5 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Gregorius M., Moralia in Job, t. II

This manuscript contains, along with three other volumes (Cod. 20, 22 and 23), Gregory the Great's interpretation of the Book of Job. In two lines of verse on 1r, Abbot Frowin of Engelberg dedicates the volume to the Mary, the patron saint of the monastery. On 89r and 89v a change in the ruling produces markedly larger line spacing. The incipit and explicit are rubricated, and every section begins with a decorative initial and red and brown-black ink with the figurative and vinescrolls motifs typical of Frowin's scriptorium. The layout, script and illustration are closely related to Cod. 20. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 22

Parchment · 166 ff. · 33.5 x 23.6 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Gregorius M., Moralia in Job, t. III

This codex contains Gregory the Great's Moralia in Iob. According to poem on 1r, the manuscript was produced under Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178). The individual chapters are introduced by initiales in red and brown-black ink; in comparison to the first two initials (6r and 16v), those later in the book appear incomplete. Explicits are written in red majuscule. Tears and holes in the parchment are partially stitched up, but in a less artistic manner as in other manuscripts of the library of Frowin (e.g., Cod. 16). Between 39 and 40 a strip of parchment has been attached to complete the text. (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 23

Parchment · 123 ff. · 33.5 x 23.6 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Gregorius M., Moralia in Job, t. IV

Following Cod. 20, 21 and 22, this manuscript constitutes the final volume of the Engelberg series of Pope Gregory the Great's interpretation of the book of Job. The decoration has rubricated incipits and explicits and different sorts of initials: simple ones in red ink (1v, 71r), somewhat larger ones with typical bulb motifs (15r, 49v, 101v) and figurated initials in red and brown ink (3r, 32r, 84r, 113r). Tears in the parchment have been stitched with yellow and red thread. At least some of the sparse marginal notes have been written in the same hand as the text. A note added to the end of 123v indicates that Abbot Frowin commissioned the volume. (grd)

Online since: 10/04/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 32

Parchment · 177 ff. · 31.8 x 22.8 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Bernardus S. Claraevallensis. Sermones super cantica canticorum LXXXII

The Cistercian Abbot Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153) wrote between 1135 and 1153 the 86 sermons on the interpretation of the Song of Songs. The fact that this work, as well ad Cod. 33, was copied in the Engelberg scriptorium just a few decates later testifies to the great esteem in which Abbot Frowin of Engelberg (1143-1178) held the author. Indicative of this codex being produced during Frowin's abbacy is the usual dedicatory verse on 3r. The index on 1v-3r and the numerous red-ink marginalia are in the hand of Abbot Ignatius Betschart of Engelberg (1658-1681). (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 33

Parchment · 188 ff. · 31.0 x 22.8 cm · Engelberg · second half of the 12th century

Sermones Bernardi Claraevallensis abbatis

Like Cod. 34 , this manuscript contains 150 sermons by the Cistercian Abbot Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153). The appearance of the script, in dark-brown ink, is mostly uniform. The title of the individual sermons have been written with red ink. 97v has been left blank. With regards to decoration, there are many decorative initials with runner- and bulb-motifs on a colorful background and numerous smaller initials, decorated usually in red and blue, occasionally with insular elements (59r, 67v). The manuscript was probably produced under Abbot Berchtold (1178-1197). (grd)

Online since: 10/04/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 34

Parchment · 184 ff. · 28.8 x 21.6 cm · Engelberg · second half of the 12th century

Sermones Bernardi Claraevallensis abbatis

Like Cod. 33, this manuscript contains 150 sermons by the Cistercian Abbot Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153), sermons which, according to the introductory lines on 1v, Bernard gave to his disciples and which a certain Godefridus copied down for diffusion. The text, written in dark-brown ink by an even hand, is adorned throughout with red-accented capitals interspersed with small initials decorated in red and green. Squeezed in the upper margin, and partially cut off, a different hand in light-brown ink makes brief annotations on the text and statements on the author. The codex probably was produced under Abbot Berchtold. (grd)

Online since: 10/04/2011

Engelberg, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. 47

Parchment · 135 ff. · 28.0 x 20.4 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178

Omiliae lectionum sancti evangelii Venerabilis Bedae presbiteri numero quinquaginta

This manuscript contains the Venerable Bede's homilies on the Gospels, which are listed in a chapter-index on 2r-vv and 65v-66r. A full-page colour illumination on 1v shows the author writing this work, framed by the attributes of the Evangelists. Rubricated initials, incipits and explicits divide the text, itself prepared in a light- to dark-brown ink; at the beginning, when the name of Mary, the patron-saint of the monastery of Engelberg, appears in the text, it is slightly emphasized through the use of majuscule or rubrication. 3r and 11v contain large multicolour decorative initials. Holes and tears in the parchment have been mended in a particularly artistic manner. On 1r a two-line verse states that the copy was made during the abbacy of Frowin (1143-1178). (grd)

Online since: 06/09/2011
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