Sélectionner un manuscrit de cette collection: B26  B252 B257  S77  31/99

Pays de conservation:
Pays de conservation
Suisse
Lieu:
Lieu
Zürich
Bibliothèque / Collection:
Bibliothèque / Collection
Braginsky Collection
Cote:
Cote
B253
Titre du manuscrit:
Titre du manuscrit
Mahzor selon le rite Ashkénaze (Nussah Ashkenaz)
Caractéristiques:
Caractéristiques
Parchemin · 118 ff. · 13.5 x 9.4 cm · [probablement Rhénanie] · [vers 1400]
Langue:
Langue
Hébreu
Résumé du manuscrit:
Résumé du manuscrit
Le manuscrit, visiblement très utilisé, se présente dans de bonnes conditions de conservation et est rédigé dans une élégante écriture carrée et semi-cursive ashkénaze. Il contient les prières quotidiennes et piyyutim pour les jours de fêtes et les occasions spéciales, ainsi que le texte de la Haggadah, un texte qui commence à être copié séparément du mahzor. Le manuscrit contient une indication intéressante sur l’influence de la censure. Au Moyen Age, on croyait trouver une insulte au sujet des chrétiens dans la prière Alenu le-shabbeah. Le copiste, comme dans beaucoup d’autres cas, a omis le passage en question et laissé un espace vide (19r-v). L’ensemble du codex a été passé en revue, au XVIème siècle à Mantoue par Dominico Irosolimitano, un des censeurs les plus actifs en Italie à partir de la seconde moitié du XVIème siècle. Ce dernier n’a pourtant supprimé aucun passage, mais s’est uniquement contenté d’apposer sa signature sur la dernière page (f. 112v), comme confirmation de son contrôle. (red)
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
DOI (Digital Object Identifier
10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0253 (http://dx.doi.org/10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0253)
Lien permanent:
Lien permanent
http://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/fr/list/one/bc/b-0253
IIIF Manifest URL:
IIIF Manifest URL
IIIF Drag-n-drop http://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/metadata/iiif/bc-b-0253/manifest.json
Comment citer:
Comment citer
Zürich, Braginsky Collection, B253: Mahzor selon le rite Ashkénaze (Nussah Ashkenaz) (http://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/fr/list/one/bc/b-0253).
En ligne depuis:
En ligne depuis
18.12.2014
Ressources externes:
Ressources externes
Droits:
Droits
Images:
(Concernant tous les autres droits, voir chaque description de manuscrits et nos conditions d′utilisation)
Type de document:
Type de document
Manuscrit
Siècle:
Siècle
14ème siècle, 15ème siècle
Liturgica hebraica:
Liturgica hebraica
Mahzor
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e-codices · 28.11.2014, 16:40:25

Jewish books almost always show evidence of active use. This is especially true of prayer books, which tended to be used intensively. The overall condition of this medieval prayer book, therefore, is noteworthy. The graceful Ashkenazic square and semi-cursive hands and the fine parchment used resulted in an elegant volume. It contains daily prayers, selected piyyutim for festivals and certain special occasions, a variety of special prayers, and the full text of the Passover Haggadah, the first page of which (folio 54v) is reproduced here. The Haggadah, which had grown within the daily prayer book from the days of the Geonim onward, was already considered to be a separate book when this prayer book was copied; its inclusion in a prayer book, however, was not yet uncommon.
The manuscript presents an interesting example of the impact of censorship. During the Middle Ages the Alenu le-shabbeah prayer, which is recited at the end of the statutory services, was believed to contain an implied insult to Christianity. The verse “for they prostrate themselves before vanity and emptiness and pray to a God that does not save” was seen as a reference to Jesus, in spite of the fact that the second part of the text is from Isaiah 45:20 and therefore precedes the New Testament. In this manuscript (fol. 19r–v), as is the case in so many others, the anonymous copyist decided not to include the problematic text. He left an open space, however, perhaps for a later owner to add the omitted passage.
In hindsight this common case of medieval Jewish self-censorship was only a prelude to the active inquisitional censorship that the Jews of Italy would have to deal with later. From the second half of the sixteenth century onward, Christian censors in Italy, many of whom were converted Jews, inspected Hebrew books, signed them, and often expurgated controversial passages (also see cat. no. 25). Jews usually had to pay for this “service.” Among the most important censors were Camillo Jaghel, Hippolitus Ferrarensis, and the censor of this prayer book Dominico Irosolimitano, who worked in Mantua. He did not expurgate any passages, but only signed the last page of the manuscript. Signatures and entries by censors are proof, of course, of Italian ownership at the time of censorship.

From: A Journey through Jewish Worlds. Highlights from the Braginsky collection of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books, hrsg. E. M. Cohen, S. L. Mintz, E. G. L. Schrijver, Amsterdam, 2009, p. 50.

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A Journey through Jewish Worlds. Highlights from the Braginsky collection of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books, hrsg. E. M. Cohen, S. L. Mintz, E. G. L. Schrijver, Amsterdam, 2009, p. 50-51.

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