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Pays de conservation:
Pays de conservation
Bibliothèque / Collection:
Bibliothèque / Collection
Braginsky Collection
Titre du manuscrit:
Titre du manuscrit
Kalonymus ben Kalonymus, Massekhet Purim
Papier · 13 ff. · 13.3 x 8.5 cm · Amsterdam · 1752
Résumé du manuscrit:
Résumé du manuscrit
Le manuscrit contient le texte du Massekhet Purim, une parodie de Pourim de l’auteur et traducteur provençal Kalonymus ben Kalonymus (Arles 1286- après 1328), qui écrivit cette oeuvre à Rome au début des années ’20 du XIVème siècle. Cette oeuvre imite avec humour le texte et le style du Talmud, et traite de la nourriture, de la boisson et de l’ébriété durant la fête du Pourim. Les illustrations comprennent des représentations d’arlequins, un musicien de rue et sept cartes disposées de façon à former un trompe-l’oeil, un artifice artistique qui se rencontre rarement dans les manuscrits hébreux. Le codex fut réalisé à Amsterdam en 1752, à une époque où ce genre de texte jouissait d’un grand intérêt dans la communauté juive Ashkénaze. (red)
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
DOI (Digital Object Identifier
10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0282 (http://dx.doi.org/10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0282)
Lien permanent:
Lien permanent
IIIF Manifest URL:
IIIF Manifest URL
IIIF Drag-n-drop http://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/metadata/iiif/bc-b-0282/manifest.json
Comment citer:
Comment citer
Zürich, Braginsky Collection, B282: Kalonymus ben Kalonymus, Massekhet Purim (http://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/fr/list/one/bc/b-0282).
En ligne depuis:
En ligne depuis
Ressources externes:
Ressources externes
(Concernant tous les autres droits, voir chaque description de manuscrits et nos conditions d′utilisation)
Type de document:
Type de document
18ème siècle
Figuratif, Pleine page, Ornemental, Vignette, Dessin aquarellé
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e-codices · 28.11.2014, 17:26:59

The central event of the festival of Purim is the reading of the biblical book of Esther from a scroll at night and on the morning of the festival. Other practices associated with the holiday include dressing in costume, participating in satirical plays or parodies, sending gifts of food to friends and neighbors (shlakhmones in Yiddish), giving charity to the poor, and partaking in a festive meal. The celebration reenacts the rejoicing of Jews saved from destruction in Persia, mentioned at the end of the book of Esther.
This manuscript contains the text of the medieval Massekhet Purim, a Purim parody by the Provençal scholar Kalonymus ben Kalonymus. Born in 1286 in Arles, he was living in Rome when he wrote this work in the early 1320s. Although it is not known when he died, it must have been after 1328, when he was back in the Provençe. Massekhet Purim, which humorously imitates the style and idiom of the Talmud, deals with eating, drinking, and drunkenness during Purim.
The illustrations in the Braginsky manuscript include harlequins, a street musician, and seven playing cards arranged as a trompe l’oeil. This illustration is in keeping with the introductory text of chapter four, “Each person is obligated to play dice and cards during Purim.” Only a few other examples of a trompe l’oeil in Hebrew manuscripts are known.
There was particular interest in Kalonymus’s Massekhet Purim in the Netherlands in the eighteenth century, when Purim parodies and special Purim plays were popular. The scarce historical documents available indicate that the Ashkenazic Jews of Amsterdam were active revelers who immersed themselves in carnivalesque festivities, including masquerades and pageants in which music was played and torches were carried. These celebrations, which extended outside the borders of the Jewish quarter, often continued after the festival. Consequently, in addition to fearing the desecration of the Sabbath, which often occurred, the Ashkenazic authorities were concerned about the effect these public festivities had on their relationships with the non-Jewish authorities. In 1767 the Amsterdam Ashkenazim even issued a statement that when Purim occurred on a Sunday Jews had to respect the Sunday rest and could not celebrate outside the Jewish quarter.

From: A Journey through Jewish Worlds. Highlights from the Braginsky collection of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books, hrsg. E. M. Cohen, S. L. Mintz, E. G. L. Schrijver, Amsterdam, 2009, p. 138.

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A Journey through Jewish Worlds. Highlights from the Braginsky collection of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books, hrsg. E. M. Cohen, S. L. Mintz, E. G. L. Schrijver, Amsterdam, 2009, p. 138-139.

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