|Country of Location:||
Country of LocationSwitzerland
|Library / Collection:||
Library / CollectionStiftsbibliothek
ShelfmarkCod. Sang. 857
Manuscript TitleThe St. Gall Nibelung manuscript B with the Nibelungenlied (The Song of the Nibelungs) and “Klage” (lament), “Parzival” and “Willehalm” by Wolfram von Eschenbach, and Stricker’s “Karl der Grosse” (Charlemagne)
CaptionParchment · 693 pp. · 31.5 x 21.5 cm · perhaps South Tyrol/Salzburg · third quarter of the 13th century, probably around 1260
LanguageGerman, Middle High German
Manuscript SummaryThis manuscript (also called the “St. Galler Epenhandschrift”) is written in two columns in a very uniform manner by three anonymous primary scribes and four secondary scribes; it offers a fine version of a unique collection of Middle High German heroic and knightly poetry. It contains “Parzival” (pp. 5−288; version D) by Wolfram von Eschenbach, the Song of the Nibelungs (pp. 291−416; version B) with the following lament (pp. 416−451; version B), the poem “Karl der Grosse” (pp. 452−558; version C) by der Stricker, the verse narrative “Willehalm” (pp. 561−691; version G) by Wolfram von Eschenbach, as well as five sung gnomic verses by Friedrich von Sonnenburg (p. 693; version G). Until 1768, when the manuscript was purchased by the Monastery of St. Gall, this volume certainly also contained fragments of the epic poems “Die Kindheit Jesu” by Konrad von Fussesbrunnen and Unser vrouwen hinvart by Konrad von Heimesfurt. These two works were removed from the manuscript of epic poems before 1820 and are now held in the Staatsbibliothek Preussischer Kulturbesitz in Berlin (mgf 1021) and the Badische Landesbibliothek in Karlsruhe (Cod. K 2037), respectively. The manuscript, illustrated with 78 uniformly executed initials by unknown artists from the miniature painting school of Padua, was commissioned by a wealthy client who was interested in Middle High German epic poems. The first owner known by name was the Swiss polymath and universal scholar Aegidius Tschudi (1505−1572) from Glarus, whose estate of manuscripts the Monastery of St. Gall was able to acquire in 1768.
|DOI (Digital Object Identifier):||
DOI (Digital Object Identifier10.5076/e-codices-csg-0857 (http://dx.doi.org/10.5076/e-codices-csg-0857)
|IIIF Manifest URL:||
IIIF Manifest URLhttps://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/metadata/iiif/csg-0857/manifest.json
|How to quote:||
How to quoteSt. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 857: The St. Gall Nibelung manuscript B with the Nibelungenlied (The Song of the Nibelungs) and “Klage” (lament), “Parzival” and “Willehalm” by Wolfram von Eschenbach, and Stricker’s “Karl der Grosse” (Charlemagne) (https://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/list/one/csg/0857).
Additional literatureAdditional literature – St. Galler Bibliotheksnetz (SGBN) - Verbundkatalog
DecorationFigurative, Fully Painted, Gold / Silver, Initial, Margin, Ornamental, Penwork
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Michael Stolz und Richard F. Fasching, St. Galler Epenhandschrift, in: Die schönsten Seiten der Schweiz. Geistliche und weltliche Handschriften, hg. von Marina Bernasconi Reusser, Christoph Flüeler und Brigitte Roux, Cinisello Balsamo (Milano) 2020, S. 262f. (Nr. 55).