|Country of Location:||
Country of LocationSwitzerland
|Library / Collection:||
Library / CollectionBraginsky Collection
Manuscript TitleSiddur according to the Italian Rite (Nussah Roma)
CaptionParchment · 197 ff. · 12.5 x 8.8 cm · [Italy] copied by Samson ben Elijah Halfan · [ca. 1500]
Manuscript SummaryThe Roman rite, generally known as Nussah Roma, is the oldest order of prayer outside the ancient lands of Israel and Babylonia, retaining many old Palestinian traditions. The ornamentation of this manuscript includes many attractive initial word panels, decorated with geometric designs and floral pen work, usually in red and blue ink. The illuminated opening page contains the initial word Ribbon (Master [of all Worlds]), which is set within a rectangular panel with red and blue filigree pen work and gold-leaf letters. In the bottom border there is an unidentified family emblem depicting a rampant lion. The manuscript was copied by Samson ben Eljah Halfan, a member of the Halfan family of scribes and scholars, whose ancestors were among a group of Jews who were expelled from France in 1394 and found refuge in Piedmont, in northern Italy.
|DOI (Digital Object Identifier):||
DOI (Digital Object Identifier10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0049 (http://dx.doi.org/10.5076/e-codices-bc-b-0049)
|IIIF Manifest URL:||
IIIF Manifest URLhttps://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/metadata/iiif/bc-b-0049/manifest.json
|How to quote:||
How to quoteZürich, Braginsky Collection, B49: Siddur according to the Italian Rite (Nussah Roma) (https://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/list/one/bc/b-0049).
Century15th century, 16th century
DecorationFull Page, Fully Painted, Gold / Silver, Initial, Margin, Ornamental, Penwork
e-codices · 09/21/2016, 13:50:20
The Roman rite, or Minhag Roma as it is generally known, is the oldest order of prayer outside the ancient lands of Israel and Babylonia. It retains many old Palestinian traditions. The definitive study of the Roman rite, summarizing more than one hundred years of scholarly research, notably by Samuel David Luzzatto (1800–1865) and Leopold Zunz (1794–1886), was published in 1966 by Ernst Daniel Goldschmidt (1895–1972). The Braginsky manuscript reflects some interesting textual variants and contains a number of readings that would gradually be replaced, such as the text she-lo asani goy, ([Blessed . . . ], who did not make me a non-Jew) in the morning benedictions; in the majority of later, sixteenth- and seventeenth-century, Roman-rite prayer books, this text reads she-asani yisra’el, ([Blessed . . . ], who made me an Israelite).
The manuscript was copied by Samson ben Elijah Halfan. The ornamentation includes many attractive initial word panels, decorated with geometric designs and floral pen work, usually in red and blue ink. The opening page is illuminated. On it the initial word Ribbon (Master [of all Worlds]) is set within a rectangular panel with red and blue filigree pen work and gold-leaf letters. Surrounding the page is a border filled with red, blue, and green flowers ornamented with gold pen work; gold-leaf dots embellish the border throughout. The inner margin is filled with a vertical arrangement of lush green leaves. An unidentified family emblem, which depicts a rampant lion, appears in the bottom border.
This is the second manuscript in the Braginsky Collection that was copied by a member of the Halfan family of scribes and scholars, whose ancestors were among a group of Jews expelled from France in 1394 and found refuge in Piedmont, in northern Italy (see cat. no. 18). In colophons of other manuscripts by the scribe Samson ben Elijah, he refers to himself as ha-Tzarfati, the Frenchman.
A Journey through Jewish Worlds. Highlights from the Braginsky collection of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books, hrsg. E. M. Cohen, S. L. Mintz, E. G. L. Schrijver, Amsterdam, 2009, p. 78.